Barbara Billingsley (Barbara Lillian Combes, 1915-yil 22-dekabr — 2010-yil 16-oktyabr)[1] amerikalik kino, televidenie, ovoz va sahna aktrisasi edi. U oʻz faoliyatini „Mike ismli uchta yigit“ (1951), "Yomon va goʻzal" (1952) va "Marsdan kelgan bosqinchilar" (1953) filmlarida nomaʼlum rollar bilan boshlagan va 1957-yilda Natali Trundi bilan "Beparvolik-yillari" filmida suratga tushgan. Keyin u "Birodarlar" kabi takroriy televizor rollarida paydo boʻldi.

Barbara Billingsley
Barbara Billingsley in 1958.JPG
Billingsley 1958-yil
Tavalludi
Barbara Lillian Combes

22-dekabr 1915-yil
Vafoti 16-oktabr 2010-yil(2010-10-16)
(94 yoshda)
Santa Monika, Kalifornia, A.Q.Sh.
Fuqaroligi AQSh
Kasbi Aktrisa
Turmush oʻrtogʻi
Glenn Billingsley
(turm. 1941; ajr. 1947)

Roy Kellino
(turm. 1953; vaf. 1956)

William Mortensen
(turm. 1959; vaf. 1981)
Faoliyat yillari 1945-2007
Bolalari 2

YoshligiTahrirlash

Billingsley 1915-yil 22-dekabrda Los-Anjelesda (Kaliforniya) Barbara Lillian Combes nomida Lillian Agnes (nami Maklaflin) va politsiyachi Robert Collyer Combesning qizi boʻlib tugʻilgan[2][3]. Uning Elizabeth ismli katta akasi bor edi[4]. Billingsleyning ota-onasi tugʻilishidan biroz oldin ajrashishdi va keyinchalik politsiya boshligʻining yordamchisi boʻlgan otasi[2] yana uylandi[5]. Ajralishdan keyin Billingsleyning onasi trikotaj fabrikasida usta boʻlib ishlay boshladi[6].

FaoliyatiTahrirlash

 
Billingsley va Bruce Edwards „Xoʻjalik“ (1949) filmida yahudiy er-xotin rolini oʻynaydi.

Los-Anjeles Junior kollejida bir yil oʻqiganidan soʻng Billingsley Brodveyga sayohat qildi, oʻzi paydo boʻlgan „Strow Hat“ revyusi uni Nyu-York shahriga yuborish uchun yetarlicha eʼtiborni tortdi. Besh kundan keyin shou yopilgach u 57-koʻchadan kvartira oldi va haftasiga 60 dollar maosh oladigan model sifatida ishga ketdi. 1941-yilda u Glenn Billingsley Sr. ga turmushga chiqdi. U 1945-yilda MGM Studios bilan shartnoma tuzdi va eri bilan 1946-yilda Los-Anjelesga koʻchib oʻtdi. Oʻsha-yili Glenn Billingsley u yerda steakxaus ochdi[7].

 
Leave It to Beaver filmining aktyorlari

Billingsley Universal Studios bilan shartnoma imzolaganidan keyin 1957-yilda u televizorda „Leave It to Beaver“ sitcomida June Cleaver rolini oʻynadi. Billingsley 1957-yilda CBS telekanalida oʻrtacha reytinglar bilan debyut qildi. Keyingi yili ABC tomonidan qabul qilindi va xitga aylandi, keyingi besh mavsumda va 100 dan ortiq mamlakatlarda efirga uzatildi. Unda, shuningdek, Hugh Beaumont Word Cleaver, Iyunning eri va bolalarining otasi, bolalar aktyorlari Tony Dow Wally Cleaver va Jerry Meters Teodor „Qunduz“ Kliver rolini ijro etgan.

ManbalarTahrirlash

  1. McLellan, Dennis. „Barbara Billingsley, Mother on 'Leave It to Beaver', Dies at 94“. Los Angeles Times (16-oktabr 2010-yil). Qaraldi: 22-dekabr 2021-yil.
  2. 2,0 2,1 Bernstein, Adam. „Barbara Billingsley, 94, Dies; Actress Was Model Mom on 'Leave It To Beaver'“. The Washington Post (16-oktabr 2010-yil).
  3. Combes’s status as a patrolman with the Los Angeles Police Department is stated on his 1917 draft registration, accessed on ancestry.com on October 17, 2010. The website indicates that Combes was then married with two children. According to U.S. Federal Census information, Combes, like his first wife, was the child of an American father and an English mother. He was a native of Sea Cliff Village, Oyster Bay, New York; his father, Henry P. Combes (1860—1920), was a carpenter, and his mother, the former Helen Merritt (1864—1949), was a reporter. Information cited on 1900 U.S. Federal Census, accessed on ancestry.com on October 17, 2010.
  4. Only one sibling, Elizabeth, is cited on 1920 and 1930 U.S. Federal Censuses, accessed on ancestry.com on October 17, 2010. The birth and death dates for Elizabeth Combes (later known as Elizabeth „Betty“ McLaughlin) are cited on ancestry.com.
  5. The 1920 U.S. Federal Census for Los Angeles, California, documents the entire Combes household, including Lillian Combes as head of household, divorced, and with two daughters, Elizabeth, age eight, and Barbara, age four. The same census states that Robert Collyer Combes, a 28-year-old divorced police officer, was living as a lodger elsewhere in the city. Ten years later the next federal census shows that Robert Collyer Combes, by then a captain in the Los Angeles police force, was living with his new wife Maria S. Combes (1903—1999) and that the couple had been married since 1925. Maria Combes’s birth and death dates are listed on the Social Security Death Index, accessed on ancestry.com on October 17, 2010.
  6. Mother’s occupation stated in the 1930 U.S. Federal Census, accessed on ancestry.com on October 17, 2010.
  7. „Billingsley's“ (inglizcha). Billingsley's. 30-iyul 2022-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 23-oktabr 2022-yil.