James Austin Gleason (talaffuzi: „Djeyms Ostin Glison“, 1882-yil 23-may — 1959-yil 12-aprel) — amerikalik aktyor, dramaturg va ssenariynavis Nyu-Yorkda tugʻilgan[1]. Gleason filmlarida koʻpincha „qattiq soʻzlashuvchi, dunyodan charchagan, yashirin qalbi oltin“ yigitlarni tasvirlagan[2].

James Gleason
James Gleason in Meet John Doe trailer.jpg
Gleason 1941-yil
Tavalludi
James Austin Gleason

23-may 1882-yil
New York City, A. Q. Sh.
Vafoti 12-aprel 1959-yil(1959-04-12)
(76 yoshda)
Woodland Hills, Kaliforniya, A. Q. Sh.
Fuqaroligi AQSh
Kasbi
  • Aktyor
Turmush oʻrtogʻi
Lucile Webster
(turm. 1905; ajr. 1947)
Otasi William L. Gleason
Onasi Mina Gleason
Faoliyat yillari 1914—1959
Bolalari Russell Gleason

Hayot va karyeraTahrirlash

 
James Gleason George S. Kaufmanning „The Butter Egg Man“ (1925) filmining Brodveydagi prodyusemini boshqargan, uning rafiqasi Lucile Webster (oʻrtada) Gregory Kelli va Silviya Field bilan birga.

Gleason Nyu-York shahrida Mina va William L. Gleasonning oʻgʻli sifatida tugʻilgan[3]. Teatrdan kelib, maktab oʻquvchisi sifatida taʼtil paytida sahnaga chiqdi. U oʻn uch yoshida xabarchi, matbaachi, elektr doʻkonida yordamchi va liftchi boʻlib tirikchilik qila boshlagan. 16 yoshida Qoʻshma Shtatlar armiyasiga qoʻshilgan va Filippinda uch yil xizmat qilgan.

Ishdan boʻshatilgandan soʻng u oʻzining sahna karerasini boshladi, keyinchalik uni professional tarzda davom ettirdi. U Londonda ikki yil rol oʻynadi va Qoʻshma Shtatlarga qaytganidan soʻng komediyalar uchun dialoglar yozish orqali filmlarda qatnashdi. U bir qancha pyesalar yozgan, ulardan bir nechtasi Brodveyda ijro etilgan. Shuningdek, Brodveyda oʻzining bir nechta pyesalarida rol oʻynagan. Birinchi jahon urushi boshlanganda, Gleason Amerika Qoʻshma Shtatlari armiyasiga qayta roʻyxatdan oʻtdi va urushning oxirigacha xizmat qildi.

OilaTahrirlash

James va Lucilie Gleasonning aktyor Rassell Gleason ismli oʻgʻli bor. 1945-yil 26-dekabrda yosh Gleason Nyu-Yorkda oʻz polki bilan Yevropaga joʻnatilishini kutayotgan edi. Armiya qoʻshinlarni joylashtirish uchun qoʻmondonlik qilgan Sutton mehmonxonasida toʻrtinchi qavat oynasidan tushib ketdi va natijada vafot etdi. Hisobotlar turlicha boʻlib, baʼzilar yiqilish tasodifiy boʻlganini aytishsa, boshqalari buni oʻz joniga qasd qilish deb aytishgan[4][5]. Russellning eng koʻzga koʻringan roli „All Quiet on the Western Front“ (1930) filmining Akademiya mukofotiga sazovor boʻlgan versiyasida Muller roli boʻlgan. Rassell Gleason keyinchalik oilaviy doʻsti Boris Karloffning tarjimai holini yozgan suzuvchi va kaskadyor boʻlgan Cynthia Hobartga (keyinchalik Sintiya Lindsi boʻldi) turmushga chiqdi[6][7].

FilmografiyaTahrirlash

Yil Sarlavha Rol Eslatmalar
1922 Polly of the Follies Paul Gordon
1928 The Count of Ten The manager
1929 The Broadway Melody Musiqachi
High Voltage N/A
The Flying Fool N/A
Oh, Yeah! Dusty Reilly
The Shannons of Broadway Mickey Shannon
1930 Puttinʼ On the Ritz James „Jimmy“ Tierney
The Swellhead Johnny Trump
Mammy N/A
Dumbbells in Ermine Mike
The Fall Guy N/A
The Matrimonial Bed Gustave Corton
Rain or Shine N/A
Her Man Steve
What a Widow! N/A
Big Money Tom
1931 Three Hollywood Girls N/A
Beyond Victory Private Jim Mobley
Itʼs a Wise Child Cool Kelly
A Free Soul Eddie
Sweepstakes Sleepy Jones
The Big Gamble Squint Dugan
Suicide Fleet Skeets
1932 Fast Companions Silk Henley
Lady and Gent Pin Streaver
Blondie of the Follies Pa McClune
The Crooked Circle Arthur Crimmer
The All American Chick Knipe
The Devil Is Driving „Beef“ Evans
The Penguin Pool Murder Politsiya Inspektor Oscar Piper
1933 The Billion Dollar Scandal Ratsy Harris
Clear All Wires! Lefty
Mister Mugg N/A Qisqa film
The Bowery N/A
Hoop-La Jerry
1934 The Meanest Gal in Town Duke Slater
Search for Beauty Dan Healy
Orders Is Orders Ed Waggermeyer
Change of Heart Hot Dog Vendor
Murder on the Blackboard Inspektor Oscar Piper
1935 Helldorado Sam Barnes
Two-Fisted N/A
Murder in the Fleet Inspektor Oscar Piper
Murder on a Honeymoon Inspektor Oscar Piper
West Point of the Air Joe „Bags“
Hot Tip Jimmy McGill
Weʼre Only Human Detektiv Danny Walsh
1936 Murder on a Bridle Path Politsiya Inspektor Oscar Piper
The Ex-Mrs. Bradford Inspektor Corrigan
Yours for the Asking Saratoga
Donʼt Turn 'Em Loose Detektiv Daniels
The Big Game George Scott
The Plot Thickens Oscar Piper
1937 Forty Naughty Girls Inspektor Oscar Piper
Manhattan Merry-Go-Round Danny Duck
1938 The Higgins Family Joe Higgins
Army Girl Sergeant „Three Star“ Hennessy
1939 My Wifeʼs Relatives Joe Higgins
Should Husbands Work? Joe Higgins
On Your Toes Phil Dolan Sr.
The Covered Trailer Joe Higgins
Money to Burn Joe Higgins
1940 Grandpa Goes to Town Joe Higgins
Earl of Puddlestone Joe Higgins
1941 Meet John Doe Henry Connell
Affectionately Yours Chester Phillips
Here Comes Mr. Jordan Max Corkle Nominatsiya — Academy Award
Tanks a Million Colonel „Spitfire“ Barkley
Nine Lives Are Not Enough Sergeant Daniels
Babes on Broadway Thornton Reed
1942 Hay Foot Colonel J. A. Barkley
A Date with the Falcon Inspektor Mike OʻHara
My Gal Sal Pat Hawley
The Falcon Takes Over Inspektor Michael OʻHara
Footlight Serenade Bruce McKay
Tales of Manhattan „Father“ Joe
Manila Calling Tim OʻRourke
1943 Crash Dive Chief Mike „Mac“ McDonnell
A Guy Named Joe „Nails“ Kilpatrick
1944 Once Upon a Time McGillicuddy, aka the „Moke“
Arsenic and Old Lace Politsiya Lieutenant Rooney
The Keys of the Kingdom Reverend Dr. Wilbur Fiske
1945 This Manʼs Navy Jimmy Shannon
A Tree Grows in Brooklyn McGarrity
The Clock Al Henry, Milk Cart Driver
Captain Eddie Tom Clark
1946 The Hoodlum Saint Snarp
The Well-Groomed Bride Captain Hornby
Home, Sweet Homicide Sgt. OʻHare
Lady Luck Sacramento Sam
1947 The Homestretch Doc Kilborne
Down to Earth Max Corkle
The Bishop’s Wife Sylvester
Tycoon Pop Mathews
1948 Smart Woman Sam Corkle
The Dude Goes West Sam Briggs
The Return of October Willie Ramsey
When My Baby Smiles at Me Lefty Moore
1949 Bad Boy
The Life of Riley Gillis
Take One False Step Captain Gledhill
Miss Grant Takes Richmond Timothy P. Gleason
1950 Key to the City Sergeant Hogan
The Yellow Cab Man Mickey Corkins
Riding High Racing Secretary
The Jackpot Harry Summers
Joe Palooka in the Squared Circle Knobby Walsh
1951 Two Gals and a Guy Max Howard
Joe Palooka in Triple Cross Knobby Walsh
Come Fill the Cup Charley Dolan
I’ll See You in My Dreams Fred Townsend
1952 Weʼre Not Married! Duffy
The Story of Will Rogers Bert Lynn
What Price Glory? General Cokely
1953 Forever Female Eddie Woods
1954 Hollywood Thrill-Makers Risky Russell
Suddenly Peter „Pop“ Benson
1955 The Night of the Hunter Birdie Steptoe
The Girl Rush Ether Ferguson
1956 Star in the Dust Orval Jones
1957 Spring Reunion „Collie“ Collyer
The Restless Gun Father Terrance Epizod „The Child“
Man in the Shadow Hank James
Loving You Carl Meade
1958 The Female Animal Tom Maloney
Man or Gun Sheriff Jim Jackson
Rock-A-Bye Baby Doc Simpkins
Once Upon a Horse… Postmaster
Money, Women and Guns Henry Devers
The Last Hurrah „Cuke“ Gillen yakuniy rol

ManbalarTahrirlash

  1. Obituary Variety, April 15, 1959, page 159.
  2. „James Gleason | Biography, Movie Highlights and Photos“.
  3. Mina Crolius Gleason, Mother of actor James Gleason Retrieved July 19, 2015
  4. Liebman, Roy. Broadway Actors in Films, 1894-2015. McFarland, 2017 — 109 bet. ISBN 978-0-786-47685-5. 
  5. Senn, Bryan. Golden Horrors: An Illustrated Critical Filmography of Terror Cinema, 1931-1939. McFarland, 2006 — 327 bet. ISBN 978-0-786-42724-6. 
  6. Nollen, Scott Allen. Boris Karloff: A Gentleman's Life. Baltimore, Maryland: Midnight Marquee & BearManor Media, 2004. ISBN 9780879101060. 
  7. Lindsey, Cynthia. Dear Boris: The Life of William Henry Pratt a.k.a. Boris Karloff. Limelight, 2004. ISBN 1887664238.