Koʻsem Sulton hamda Mohpaykar Sulton[1] (turkcha: Mâh-Peyker KösemMâh-Peyker Kösem; CA. 1590 yil — 3 sentyabr 1651 yil) sifatida xam tanilgan. Sulton Ahmad I ning ikkinchi yoki uchunchi[6] xotini (Xaseki unvonigaga ega boʻlgan). Sultonlar Murod IV va Ibrohim I larning onasi. Oʻgʻillarining xukmdorlik davrida Volida Sulton (Ona sulton) unvoniga ega boʻlgan. Usmoniylar imperiyasi tarixidagi eng nufuzli ayollaridan biri boʻlgan.[1][2][3][4]. Kelib chiqishi, millati, nasl-nasabi toʻgʻrisida aniq maʼlumotlar yoʻq. Taxminlarga koʻra u yunon[5][6][7][8]  millatiga mansub boʻlgan va uning xaqiqiy ismi Anastasiya[9] boʻlgan. Taxminlarga koʻra uning otasi Tinos oroli ruxoynisi boʻlgan. 15 yoshlik Anastasiyani Bosniya sanjakbeyi tomonidan qul sifatida sotib olinib Istanbulga olib kelingan[8][10][11][6][6].

Koʻsem Sulton
Kösem Sultana.jpg
Usmonlilar imperiyasi Volida Sultoni
Oʻtmishdoshi Halima Sulton
Vorisi Turxon Sulton
Shaxsiy maʼlumotlari
Tavalludi 2-sentabr 1589-yil(1589-09-02)
Tinos, Yunoniston bayrogʻi Yunoniston
Vafoti 9-may 1651-yil(1651-05-09)
(61 yoshda)
Istanbul
Bolalari Mehmed
Murod IV
Qosim
Sulaymon
Ibrohim I
Oysha
Fotima
Gavharxon
Xonzoda

KinodaTahrirlash

ManbalarTahrirlash

  1. 1,0 1,1 Douglas Arthur Howard, The official History of Turkey, Greenwood Press, isbn= 0-313-30708-3, p. 195
  2. Bator, Robert, – Rothero, ChrisDaily Life in Ancient and Modern Istanbul. Twenty-First Century Books, 2000. — s. 42. ISBN 0-8225-3217-4. „When such a son became sultan, his slave mother would become the most powerful woman in the Ottoman Empire. The Macedonian slave Kösem earned this distinction“ 
  3. Akbar, M. J.The Shade of Swords: Jihad and the Conflict Between Islam and Christianity. Routledge, 2002. — s. 89. ISBN 0-415-28470-8. „His mother, Valide Kosem, said to be the most powerful woman in the history of the dynasty, ruled in his name.“ 
  4. Westheimer, Ruth Karola, – Kaplan, StevenPower. University of Virginia: Madison Books, 2001. — s. 19. ISBN 1-56833-230-0. „Maypeyker Sultan, better known as Kösem Sultan, is remembered by the Turks as the most powerful woman of her time“ 
  5. al-Ayvansarayî, Hafiz Hüseyin  ; Crane, Howard. The garden of the mosques : Hafiz Hüseyin al-Ayvansarayî's guide to the Muslim monuments of Ottoman Istanbul. Brill, 2000. — s. 21. ISBN 90-04-11242-1. „Kosem Valide Mahpeyker, known also simply as Kosem Sultan (c. 1589–1651), consort of Sultan Ahmed I and mother of Murad IV and Ibrahim I. Greek by birth, she exercised a decisive influence in the Ottoman state“ 
  6. „Kosem Sultan (Ottoman sultana) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia“. Britannica.com. Qaraldi: 11-mart 2012-yil.
  7. Gibb, Sir Hamilton Alexander RosskeenThe Encyclopaedia of Islam. Brill, 1954. — s. 597. ISBN 90-04-07026-5. „Kosem [qv] Mahpeyker, a woman of Greek origin (Anastasia, 1585–1651)“ 
  8. 8,0 8,1 Davis, FannyThe Palace of Topkapi in Istanbul. Scribner, 1970. — s. 227–228. OCLC 636864790. „Kosem was said to have been the daughter of a Greek priest of one of the Aegean islands, probably captured during one of the Ottoman-Venetian maritime campaigns. Her name was Anastasia but was changed after her conversion, no doubt on her admission to the palace, to Mâh-Peyker (Moon-Shaped), and later by Sultan Ahmet to Kosem“ 
  9. Sonyel, Salâhi Ramadan. Minorities and the destruction of the Ottoman Empire. Turkish Historical Society Printing House, 1993. — s. 61. ISBN 975-16-0544-X. „Many of the women of the harem were non-Muslim, for example Kösem Sultan was born in 1590 as Anastasia. The Governor of Bosnia had sent her to the Sultan. She was the wife of Ahmet I (1603–17), and the mother of Murat IV (1623–40), and of Ibrahim I (1640–8)“ 
  10. Amila Buturović, İrvin Cemil SchickWomen in the Ottoman Balkans: gender, culture and history. I.B.Tauris, 2007. — s. 23. ISBN 1-84511-505-8. „Kösem, who was of Greek origin. Orphaned very young, she found herself at the age of fifteen in the harem of Sultan Ahmed I.“ 
  11. Freely, John. Istanbul: the imperial city. Viking, 1996. — s. 215. ISBN 0-14-024461-1. „Then around 1608 Ahmet found a new favourite, a Greek girl named Anastasia, who had been captured on the island of Tinos and sent as a slave to the Harem, where she took the name of Kosem“ 
  12. Turkish screenwriter tells Ottoman history through one woman's life
  13. IMDB, Mahpeyker - Kösem Sultan
  14. „Turkish star Beren Saat to play mother of Ottoman sultan in new drama - CINEMA-TV“. Hürriyet Daily News | LEADING NEWS SOURCE FOR TURKEY AND THE REGION. Qaraldi: 20-oktabr 2017-yil.
  15. „Kösem Sultan - Nurgül Yeşilçay“(ingl.). www.fox.com.tr. 22-avgust 2017-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 20-oktabr 2017-yil. Arxivlandi 2017-08-22 Wayback Machine saytida.