Torontodagi G-20 sammiti (2010) — versiyalar orasidagi farq

k (vikifikatsiya, imlo, replaced: rʻat → rʼat (2), n lekin → n, lekin using AWB)
== Preparations ==
=== Xavfsizlik ===
[[File:Fences Are Up Toronto 2010.jpg|thumb|rightleft|350px|Wellington koʻchasida xavfsizlik choralari koʻrilishi]]
Xavfsizlik organlari hodimlari [[2010-yil]]ning fevralidan [[Toronto]]da sammit xavfsizligini taʼminlash harakatlariga tayyorgarlik boshlashgan.<ref name="prepare">{{cite news| title=G20 police didn't have time to prepare: chief| url=http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/story/2011/06/24/g20-police-union-report652.html| date=24 June 2010| work=CBC News| publisher=CBC.ca| accessdate=2012-04-07}}</ref>[[Toronto]]dagi Qoʻmondonlik politsiyasi va yoʻ l harakati boshqarmalari, Ontario provinsiyasi politsiyasi, Qirollikning Kanada otliq politsiyasi va [[Kanada Qurolli Kuchlari]], shu vaqtning oʻzida barcha regiondagi politsiya nazoratchilari [[Toronto Halqaro Aeroporti]]da G20 delegatlarini qabul qilishga tayyorgarlik koʻrishgan. Bundan oldin [[2010-yil]]da [[Vankuverdagi Qishki Olimpiya oʻyinlari]]ida besh boʻlimdan tarkib topgan [[Birlashgan Xavfsizlik Xizmati]]ni xavfsizlik uchun maʼsul etib tayinlangan. Qoʻshimch kuchlar sifatida [[York regional politsiyasi]], [[Halton regional politsiyasi]],<ref name="home">{{cite news| url=http://news.nationalpost.com/2010/06/22/peter-kuitenbrouwer-downtown-doesnt-feel-like-home-during-g20/ |author=Peter Kuitenbrouwer| title=Downtown doesn’t feel like home during G20| work=National Post |publisher=nationalpost.com |date=22 June 2010| accessdate=2012-03-27}}</ref> [[Barri politsiyasi hizmati]], [[Vaterloo regional hizmat politsiyasi]], [[Niagara regional hizmat politsiyasi]], [[Ottava politsiyasi]] <ref name="skinner">{{cite news| url=http://www.insidetoronto.com/news/article/839309--protesters-gather-at-allan-gardens-to-oppose-g20-summit |author=Justin Skinner| work=[[Toronto Star]]| title=Protesters gather at Allan Gardens to oppose G20 Summit |publisher=InsideToronto |date=25 June 2010| accessdate=2012-03-27}}</ref> va [[De police de la Ville de Montréal politsiya hizmati]] koʻmagidan foydalanilgan. [[Kalgari politsiya hizmati|Kalgari politsiyasi]] haftasiga koʻngillilar sifatida 150 ofitser sammitga qadar shahar koʻchalarida xavfsizlikni taʼminlashga harakat qilishgan.<ref name="calgary">{{cite news| author=Nadia Moharib| work=[[Calgary Sun]]| date=28 June 2010| url=http://www.calgarysun.com/news/alberta/2010/06/28/14548506.html| title=Calgary cops return home from G8/G20 duty| publisher=Calgarysun.com| accessdate=2012-03-27}}</ref> [[The Global va Mail]] nashriyoti baholashiga asoslangan holda sammitda 25 000 politsiyachi, 1000 qoʻriqchilar va birnecha [[Kanada Qurolli kuchlari]] ofitserlari ishtirok etish zarur etib belgilangan.<ref name=mondaq1>{{cite web| author=Mary Beth Currie| url=http://www.mondaq.com/canada/article.asp?articleid=99928 |title=Canada: Toronto G8 and G20 Summits – Employer Planning Issues |publisher=Mondaq.com |date=6 May 2010 |accessdate=2012-03-27| archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20100529210007/http://www.mondaq.com/canada/article.asp?articleid=99928| archivedate= 29 May 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref> Shimoliy Amerika Aerokosmik mudofa kuchlariga tegishli boʻlgan [[McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet|CF-18 Hornet]], [[CH-124 Dengiz qiroli]] va [[CH-146 Griffon|Griffon]] tikucharlari [[6-may|6]]-[[7-may]] kunlari [[Toronto]]ning katta tumanlari ustida unchalik baland boʻlmagan masofada oʻquv mashgʻulotlari oʻtqazishgan.<ref name="agrell1">{{cite news| author=Siri Agrell |url=http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world/g8-g20/blog-local-view/its-a-bird-its-a-plane-its-a-terrifying-display-of-military-might/article1558886/ |title=It's a bird, it's a plane, it's a terrifying display of military might |publisher=theglobeandmail.com| work=The Globe and Mail |date=6 May 2010 |accessdate=2012-03-27 |location=Toronto| archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20100511031943/http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world/g8-g20/blog-local-view/its-a-bird-its-a-plane-its-a-terrifying-display-of-military-might/article1558886/| archivedate= 11 May 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref> G8 va G20 uchrashuvlarini oliy maqomda oʻtqazish uchun xavfsizlikni taʼminlash maqsadida umumiy narh sifatida $ 1,8 mlrd harajat sarflanganligi belgilangan boʻlib,<ref name="delacourt">{{cite news| author=Susan Delacourt |url=http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/article/816123--what-can-1-billion-buy?bn=1 |title=G20 security tab: What else could 21B buy? |publisher=thestar.com |date=28 May 2010 |accessdate=2010-06-20 | work=Toronto Star| archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20100601080201/http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/article/816123--what-can-1-billion-buy?bn=1| archivedate= 1 June 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref> Federal Qirollik maslahati tomonidan butunlay toʻlangan.<ref>{{cite news| url=http://toronto.ctv.ca/servlet/an/local/CTVNews/20100528/g8-g20-costs-page-100528/20100528/?hub=TorontoNewHome |title=Security chief defends high cost of G8-G20 summits| publisher=CTV News| date=28 May 2010 |accessdate=2010-06-04| archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20100530062200/http://toronto.ctv.ca/servlet/an/local/CTVNews/20100528/g8-g20-costs-page-100528/20100528/?hub=TorontoNewHome| archivedate= 30 May 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref>
[[Birlashgan Xavfsizlik Xizmati|BXX]] xavfsizlik maqsadida tashqi chegaralarni yaratgan boʻlib oʻz ichiga shimolda Qirollik koʻchasi bilan, janubda Lake Shore Boulevard koʻchasi, sharqda Yonge Street koʻchasi va gʻarbda Spadina koʻchalarini oʻz chegara hududiga olgan boʻlib, ushbu hududda to sammit oʻtganga qadar transport vositalari qatnovlari cheklangan.<ref name="mondaq1"/> Ushbu hududda yashovchi va boshqa shahar hudidagi tinch aholi vakillarining roʻyxatdan oʻtgan kartochkalari sammit oldidan yigʻishtirilib olingan. Kimda kim xavfsizlik hududiga kirishni istasa, 38-ta nazorat oʻtkazuvchi punktlardan biri yordamida shaxsini tasdiqlovchi surʻ at va ichkariga kirish uchun asos nima ekanligini bayon etihi lozim boʻlgan.<ref name=thestar2>{{cite news| url=http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/article/825713--g20-survival-guide |title=G20 survival guide |publisher=thestar.com |date=18 June 2010 |accessdate=2010-06-20 |work=Toronto Star |author=Noor Javed |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20100621072034/http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/article/825713--g20-survival-guide |archivedate= 21 June 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref> Shu kuni Toronto shahar metrosi oddiy fuqarolar va ishtirokchilar foydalanishi uchun vaqtincha berkitilgan.<ref name="fence1">{{cite web|url=http://www.insidetoronto.com/news/local/article/823021--g20-traffic-and-perimeter-plans-unveiled |title=G20 traffic and perimeter plans unveiled |work=Inside Toronto |publisher=insidetoronto.com | author=Joanna Lavoie |date=28 May 2010 |accessdate=2012-03-28}}</ref> Shuningdek [[Toronto]]da Kanada hukumati hizmati va jamiyat muhokamalarini oʻtkazish maqsadida Gormli va Ontario kompaniyalari tomonidan <ref name="ormsby">{{cite news| author=Mary Ormsby |url=http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/torontog20summit/article/825908--fortress-toronto-secrets-of-the-fence |title=Fortress Toronto: Secrets of the fence |publisher=thestar.com |date=19 June 2010 |accessdate=2012-03-26 |archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20100623014659/http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/torontog20summit/article/825908--fortress-toronto-secrets-of-the-fence?| archivedate= 23 June 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref> [[SNC- Lavalin]] kompaniyasi kontrakti asosida 3-metrlik balandlik ega boʻlgan devor barpo etishgan. Bu inshootning umumiy narhi $ 5,5 mlnga teng boʻlib [[7-iyun]]dan oʻrnatish ishlari boshlangan.<ref name="wallace">{{cite news| author=Kenyon Wallace| url=http://news.nationalpost.com/2010/06/10/g20-torontos-controversial-security-fence-cost-5-5-million/ |title=G20: Toronto's controversial security fence cost $5.5-million |work=National Post |publisher=nationalpost.com |date=10 June 2010 |accessdate=2012-03-27| archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20100613000602/http://news.nationalpost.com/2010/06/10/g20-torontos-controversial-security-fence-cost-5-5-million/| archivedate= 13 June 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref> Toronto politsiya xizmati sammit oʻtkazilishidan oldin joylarga 77-ta qoʻshimcha yashirin kameralar oʻrnatgan.<ref name="global">{{cite web| url=http://www.globalnational.com/Toronto+Police+sound+security+tools/3108050/story.html |title=Police sound off on G20 security tools |publisher=Globalnational.com |date=3 June 2010 |accessdate=2010-06-20}}</ref> [[Birlashgan Xavfsizlik Xizmati|BXX]] hodimlari tartibsizliklarga qarshi kurash maqsadida suvda harakatlar oʻtkazish ruhsatnomasini qoʻlga kiritgan.<ref name="mclean">{{cite news|url=http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/torontog20summit/article/826245--police-add-water-cannon-to-g20-arsenal?bn=1 |title=Police add water cannon to G20 arsenal |publisher=thestar.com |date= 21 June 2010 |accessdate=2010-06-24 | work=Toronto Star | author=Jesse McLean| archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20100625002916/http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/torontog20summit/article/826245--police-add-water-cannon-to-g20-arsenal?bn=1| archivedate= 25 June 2010 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref>
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