Bosh menuni ochish

Oʻzgarishlar

xulosa tahrirlanmadi
 
1958 y. fevralda XXRning Xitoy iyerogliflarini isloh qilish qoʻmitasi tomonidan iyerogliflarning talaffuzi uchun lotin grafikasi asosida 26 harfdan iborat transkripsion alifbo qabul qilindi. Ushbu alifbo hozirgi kunda jamiyatning barcha sohalarida keng qoʻllanmoqda. Xitoy yozuvini isloh qilish va alifboli yozuvga oʻtish lahjalarning koʻpligi va tarqokligi, madaniy meros va til muammolari sababli katta qiyinchiliklarga duch kelmoqda. 1956 yildan XXR da iyerogliflarni grafik jihatdan soddalashtirish ishlari olib borilmoqda.
== Xitoy iyerogliflarining tarixan rivojlanishi ==
<div class="interbox">
{| border="0" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="2" width="100%"
|-----
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | '''Arxaik'''
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | '''Zhuanshu (Sin sulolasi)'''
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | '''Amaldagi iyerogliflar'''
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | '''Soddalashtirilgan <br>iyerogliflar'''
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | '''[[Pinyin]]'''
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | '''Ma’nosi'''
|-----
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Ren arch.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Ren sigil.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">人</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">— </font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">rén </font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">inson</font>
|-----
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Nuu arch.png]]
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Nuu sigil.png]]
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">女</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">—</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">nǚ</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">ayol</font>
|-----
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Zi arch.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Zi sigil.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">子</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">—</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">zǐ</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">bola</font>
|-----
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Ri arch.png]]
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Ri sigil.png]]
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">日</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">—</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">rì</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">quyosh</font>
|-----
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Yue arch.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Yue sigil.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">月</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">—</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">yuè </font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">oy</font>
|-----
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Shan arch.png]]
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Shan sigil.png]]
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">山</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">— </font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">shān</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">tog‘</font>
|-----
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Chuan arch.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Chuan sigil.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">川</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">— </font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">chuān</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">daryo</font>
|-----
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Shui arch.png]]
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Shui sigil.png]]
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">水</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">— </font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">shuǐ</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">suv</font>
|-----
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Yu arch.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Yu sigil.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">雨</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">—</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">yǔ</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">yomg‘ir</font>
|-----
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Zhu arch.png]]
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Zhu sigil.png]]
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">竹</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">— </font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">zhú </font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">bambuk</font>
|-----
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Mu arch.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Mu sigil.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">木</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">—</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">mù</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">taxta</font>
|-----
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Ma arch.png]]
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Ma sigil.png]]
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">馬</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">马</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">mǎ</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">ot</font>
|-----
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Niao arch.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Niao sigil.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">鳥</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">鸟</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">niǎo</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">qush</font>
|-----
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Gui arch.png]]
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Gui sigil.png]]
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">龜</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">龟</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">guī</font>
| bgcolor="#EFEFEF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">toshbaqa</font>
|-----
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Long arch.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | [[Fayl:Long sigil.png]]
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">龍</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="5">龙</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">lóng</font>
| bgcolor="#DFDFDF" valign="middle" align="center" | <font size="3">ajdar</font>
|}
</div>
 
 
 
 
 
== Adabiyot ==
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