Separatism — versiyalar orasidagi farq

5 044 bytes removed ,  1 oy oldin
Separatizmga yoʻnaltirildi
(Separatizmga yoʻnaltirildi)
Teg: Yangi yoʻnaltirish
 
#YOʻNALTIRISH [[Separatizm]]
'''Separatizm''' (fr. Séparatisme, lot. Separatus - alohida) - ajralib chiqish istagi, izolyatsiya nazariyasi, siyosati va amaliyoti. Bu mafkuraga asoslangan siyosiy va boshqa harakatlar yoki tendentsiyalarning oʻziga xos turi boʻlib, u hududning bir qismini davlatdan ajratishga chaqiradi va olib keladi. Bunday harakatlar, qoida tariqasida, fuqarolar tartibsizligi fonida sodir boʻladi va hududni davlatdan ajratishga, uning ushbu qism ustidan suverenitetini yoʻq qilishga qaratilgan.<ref>{{БРЭ |статья= Сепаратизм|ссылка= https://bigenc.ru/world_history/text/3656853|id= |автор= А. И. Тэвдой-Бурмули|том= |страницы= |год= |ref= }}</ref>
 
Separatizm aksariyat siyosatshunoslar tomonidan oʻzini oʻzi belgilashning oʻta va radikal shakli sifatida qaraladi, maʼlum bir siyosiy partiya yoki guruh tomonidan milliy, mintaqaviy identifikatsiyaning oʻziga xos izolyatsiya qilingan (izolyatsiya) shakllariga asoslangan xalqni, hududni, mintaqani yoki jamoani ajratish toʻgʻrisida qoʻllab-quvvatlaydigan gʻoyalarni taklif qiladi va tarqatadi. Separatizmning asosini davlat tuzilmasining xalqaro, mintaqaviy va milliy barqarorligiga asosiy tahdid soluvchi parchalanish jarayonlari tashkil etadi.<ref name="Нарочницкая">{{статья |автор = Нарочницкая Е. А |заглавие = Понимание сепаратизма |ссылка = https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/ponimanie-separatizma-ob-ambivalentnyh-sootnosheniyah-setsessionizma-avtonomizma-regionalizma/viewer |язык = ru |издание = Актуальные проблемы Европы |тип = Научный журнал |год = 2015 |месяц = |число = |том = |номер = 1 |страницы = 14—26 |doi = |issn = 0235-5620 |archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20191222171825/https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/ponimanie-separatizma-ob-ambivalentnyh-sootnosheniyah-setsessionizma-avtonomizma-regionalizma/viewer |archivedate = 2019-12-22 }}</ref>
 
== Manbalar ==
{{manbalar}}
 
== Adabiyotlar ==
* Наумова, А. Ю. «Цветные революции» на постсоветском пространстве. Санкт-Петербург, изд. Алетейя, 2015, 162 с.: ил.
* [https://libking.ru/books/nonf-/nonf-publicism/79952-lev-sotskov-neizvestnyy-separatizm-na-sluzhbe-sd-i-abvera.html Соцков Л. Ф. «Неизвестный сепаратизм: на службе СД и Абвера»]. — М.: Рипол классик, 2003.
* Тринклейн, Майкл (на англ. яз.) (Michael J. Trinklein) «Lost States», Philadelphia, изд. Quirk Books, 2010, ISBN 978-1-59474-410-5.
*{{cite book|first=Damien|last=Kingsbury|date=March 2021|title=Separatism and the State|location=London|publisher=Routledge|isbn=9780367276485}}
*{{cite web|first=Pascal|last=Boniface|url=http://mondediplo.com/1999/01/19states|title=Ideals or Interest: 'Pandora's box'|work=[[Le Monde Diplomatique]]|date=January 1999}}
*{{cite web|first=Ryan |last=Griffiths |url=http://www.allacademic.com/one/prol/prol01/index.php?cmd=prol01_search&offset=0&limit=5&multi_search_search_mode=publication&multi_search_publication_fulltext_mod=fulltext&textfield_submit=true&search_module=multi_search&search=Search&search_field=title_idx&fulltext_search=Globalization%2C+Development+and+Separatism%3A+The+Influence+of+External+and+Internal+Economic+Factors+on+the+Strategy+of+Separatism |title=Globalization, Development and Separatism: The Influence of External and Internal Economic Factors on the Strategy of Separatism |date=March 26, 2008 |quote=Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th Annual Convention, Bridging Multiple Divides, Hilton San Francisco, San Francisco, California. |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090524073255/http://www.allacademic.com/one/prol/prol01/index.php?cmd=prol01_search&offset=0&limit=5&multi_search_search_mode=publication&multi_search_publication_fulltext_mod=fulltext&textfield_submit=true&search_module=multi_search&search=Search&search_field=title_idx&fulltext_search=Globalization%2C%2BDevelopment%2Band%2BSeparatism%3A%2BThe%2BInfluence%2Bof%2BExternal%2Band%2BInternal%2BEconomic%2BFactors%2Bon%2Bthe%2BStrategy%2Bof%2BSeparatism |archive-date=May 24, 2009 }}
*{{Cite book|editor-first1=Jean-Pierre|editor-last1=Cabestan |editor-first2=Aleksandar |editor-last2=Pavković |title=Secessionism and Separatism in Europe and Asia: To have a state of one's own |publisher=Routledge|year=2013|isbn=978-0-415-66774-6}}
*{{cite web|authorlink=Anthony Cordesman|first=Anthony|last=Cordesman|url=http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/071009_pandorasbox.pdf|title=Pandora's Box: Iraqi Federalism, Separatism, "Hard" Partitioning, and US Policy|work=Working Draft|publisher=Center for Strategic and International Studies|date=October 9, 2007}}
*{{cite book|first=Michelle Ann|last=Miller|date=2012|title=Autonomy and Armed Separatism in South and Southeast Asia|location=Singapore|publisher=ISEAS}}