Mironshoh — versiyalar orasidagi farq

459 bayt olib tashlandi ,  2 oy oldin
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(inglischadan oʻzbekchaga tarjima qilindi)
'''Mironshoh''', Jaloliddin Amiranshoh ([[1366]]—[[1408]]) — Amir Temurning 3-o'g'lidir va u otasiga koplab janglarda yordam korsatga.Mirza Miran Shah Beg (1366 – 16? April 1408) (Persian: میران شاہ‎) was a son of Timur, and a Timurid governor during his father's lifetime.Miran Shah's first charge was a vast region centered on Qandahar, which he was granted in 1383. That same year, he destroyed a rebellion against Timurid authority by the Kartids, then vassals of Timur in Khurasan under their leader Ghyas al-Din. To solidify control over the area, in 1396 he invited the remaining Kartid princes to a banquet and slew them.
 
1396 yilda Miroshoh Ozarbayjonni, asosan Ilxonlarning sobiq poytaxti Soltaniyeh va Tabrizni boshqarish huquqiga ega bo'ldi. 1398 yil yozida u Bag'dod Jalayiridlarini bo'ysundirish maqsadida Tabrizdan yurish qildi, ammo ekspeditsiyani to'xtatishga majbur bo'ldi. Bu orada Temurga mish-mishlar tarqaldi, o'g'li unga xiyonat qilishni rejalashtirmoqda. Shuningdek, Miron Shoh o'z hududidagi soliqlardan qochish muammolarini hal qilishdan bosh tortgani va o'g'lining muhim Alinjaq qal'asini Jalayiridlar qo'liga tutib berolmagani uchun g'olib g'azablandi. 1399 yilda Temur jiyani Sulaymon Shoh boshchiligida Mironshohni chaqirish uchun kuch yubordi. Ikkinchisi Sulaymon Shoh bilan otasi huzurida qaytib keldi, u erda u hokimligidan bo'shatildi va to'rt yil otasining shirkatida tayinlandi. Uning do'stlari va maslahatchilari qatl etildi, baxtsiz hodisa tufayli yuzaga kelgan ruhiy qiyinchiliklar tufayli Miran Shoh Temurdan keyin nomzod bo'lmagan. 1405 yilda Temur o'limidan keyingi kurashda uning o'g'li Abu Bakr Jalayirid qo'shinlarini Tabrizdan siqib chiqarishga muvaffaq bo'ldi va Miran Shoh Ozarbayjonda o'zini tikladi. Shu bilan birga, Mironshoh yana bir o'g'li Xalil Sultonni taxtga bo'lgan da'volarida qo'llab-quvvatladi. U Xalilni kuchaytirish maqsadida Aba Bakr bilan yurish qildi, lekin oxir-oqibat orqaga qaytdi. Ayni paytda, u Qora Yusuf boshchiligidagi Qora Qo'y turkmanlarining kuchayib borayotgan tahdidi bilan kurashishga majbur bo'ldi. Ikkinchisi Abu Bakrni 1406 yilda Naxichevanda va 1408 yilda yana Sardrudda mag'lub etdi. So'nggi jangda Mironshoh o'ldirildi.
In 1396 Miran Shah was given control of Azerbaijan, principally the cities of Soltaniyeh, the former capital of the Ilkhans, and Tabriz. In the summer of 1398 he marched from Tabriz with the goal of subduing the Jalayirids of Baghdad, but was forced to call off the expedition. Meanwhile, rumors had come to Timur that his son was planning to betray him. The conqueror was also angry over Miran Shah's refusal to solve the problems of tax dodgers within his area, and over his son's inability to keep the important fortress of Alinjaq out of the hands of the Jalayirids. In 1399 Timur sent a force under his nephew Sulaiman Shah to summon Miran Shah. The latter came with Sulaiman Shah willingly back to his father, where he was deposed of his governorship and assigned to his father's company for four years. His friends and advisors were executed.Because of mental difficulties caused by an accident, Miran Shah was not a candidate for succeeding Timur. In the struggle that followed Timur's death in 1405, his son Aba Bakr managed to oust Jalayirid forces from Tabriz and Miran Shah reestablished himself in Azerbaijan. At the same time, Miran Shah supported another son, Khalil Sultan, in his claims to the throne. He marched with Aba Bakr in an attempt to reinforce Khalil, but eventually turned back. Meanwhile, he had to deal with the growing threat of the Black Sheep Turkmen, under Qara Yusuf. The latter defeated Aba Bakr at Nakhichevan in 1406 and again at Sardrud in 1408. In the last battle, Miran Shah was killed.
 
Mironshohning safi Temuriylar imperiyasining qoldiqlarida, Abu Sa'id Transsoksiyada hokimiyat tepasiga kelganida muhim rol o'ynamoqda. Shuningdek, u Mug'ollar imperiyasining asoschisi bo'lgan Boburning ajdodidir.
The line of Miran Shah continued to play a prominent role in the remnants of the Timurid Empire, when Abu Sa'id came to power in Transoxiana. He is also the ancestor of Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire.[1]
 
== Manbalar ==