James Prescott Joule: Versiyalar orasidagi farq

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k (Malikxan Joul Jeyms Preskott sahifasini James Prescott Joulega koʻchirdi)
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[[Fayl:Joule James sitting.jpg|200px|thumb|right]]
'''JOUL (Joule) Jeyms Preskott''' (1818.24.12, Solford, Lankashir — 1889.11.10, Seyl, Cheshir) — ingliz fizigi. London Qirollik jamiyati aʼzosi (1850 yildan). Ilmiy ishlari elektromagnetizm va issiqlikka oid. Energiyaning saqlanish qonunini tajribada asoslagan. Issiqlikning mexanik ekvivalentini topgan. J. oʻtkazgichdan tok oʻtganda ajralib chiqadigan issiqlik miqdori tok miqdori kvadratiga va elektr qarshiligiga toʻgʻri mutanosib ekanligini (Joul—Lens qonunini, E. X. Lensdan mustaqil ravishda) asoslagan (1841), issiqlikning mexanik ekvivalentini aniqlagan (1843). J. ingliz fizigi U. Tomson bilan birga gaz gʻovak toʻsiqlardan oʻtganida uning temperaturasi oʻzgarishini tajribada koʻrsatib bergan (1854). Bu hodisa J. — Tomson effekti deb ataladi va u gazlarni suyultirishda muhim oʻrin egallaydi. J. termodinamik temperatura shkalasini hisobladi, temperatura T tushunchasini fanga kiritdi, magnitning toʻyinishini payqadi va boshqa ishlar bilan shugʻullandi.<ref>[[OʻzME]]. Birinchi jild. Toshkent, 2000-yil</ref>
 
'''JOULJames Prescott (Joule)''' ({{talaffuz|Jeyms Preskott''' (Joul}}; 24-dekabr 1818.24.12-yil, Solford, Lankashir, [[Angliya]] {{snd}} 11-oktabr 1889.11.10-yil, Seyl, Cheshir, [[Angliya]]) — [[ingliz]] [[Fizika|fizigi]]. London Qirollik jamiyati aʼzosi (1850 -yildan). Ilmiy ishlari elektromagnetizm va issiqlikka oid. Energiyaning saqlanish qonunini tajribada asoslagan. Issiqlikning mexanik ekvivalentini topgan. J.Joule oʻtkazgichdan tok oʻtganda ajralib chiqadigan issiqlik miqdori tok miqdori kvadratiga va elektr qarshiligiga toʻgʻri mutanosib ekanligini ([[Joul—Lens qonuniniqonuni]]ni, E. X. Lensdan mustaqil ravishda) asoslagan (1841), issiqlikning mexanik ekvivalentini aniqlagan (1843). J. ingliz fizigi U.[[William TomsonThomson]] bilan birga gaz gʻovak toʻsiqlardan oʻtganida uning temperaturasi oʻzgarishini tajribada koʻrsatib bergan (1854). Bu hodisa J. — Tomson[[Joule–Thomson effekti]] deb ataladi va u gazlarni suyultirishda muhim oʻrin egallaydi. J.Joule [[termodinamik temperatura shkalasinishkalasi]]ni hisobladi, temperatura <math>T</math> tushunchasini fanga kiritdi, magnitning toʻyinishini payqadi va boshqa ishlar bilan shugʻullandi.<ref>[[OʻzME]]. Birinchi jild. Toshkent, 2000-yil</ref>
== Nashr etilgan ishlari ==
{{refbegin}}
*{{cite journal|last=Joule|first=J.P.|title=On the Heat evolved by Metallic Conductors of Electricity, and in the Cells of a Battery during Electrolysis|journal=Philosophical Magazine| year=1841|volume=19|issue=124|page=260|doi=10.1080/14786444108650416| url=https://books.google.com/books?id=hJEOAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA260|display-authors=0}}
*{{cite journal|last=Joule|first=J.P.|title=On the Calorific Effects of Magneto-Electricity, and on the Mechanical Value of Heat| journal=Philosophical Magazine|year=1843| volume=23|series=3|issue=154|pages=435–443| url=https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/20095#page/279/mode/1up| doi=10.1080/14786444308644766|display-authors=0}}
*{{cite journal|last=Joule|first=J.P.|title=On the Changes of Temperature Produced by the Rarefaction and Condensation of Air|journal=[[:en:Proceedings of the Royal Society|Proceedings of the Royal Society of London]]|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=MfYrAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA517|volume=5|pages=517–518|year=1844|doi=10.1098/rspl.1843.0031|display-authors=0|doi-access=free}}
*{{cite journal | last= Joule|first= J.P. | title = On the Changes of Temperature Produced by the Rarefaction and Condensation of Air | journal = Philosophical Magazine |series = 3 | volume = 26| issue = 174 |year = 1845| pages=369–383 |url = https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/20067#page/382/mode/2up | doi=10.1080/14786444508645153|display-authors=0}}
*{{cite journal | last= Joule|first= J.P. |date=1845b|url=https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46638#page/429/mode/1up|title=On the Mechanical Equivalent of Heat|journal=Notices and Abstracts of Communications to the British Association for the Advancement of Science|quote= read before the British Association at Cambridge, June 1845|display-authors=0}}
*{{cite journal|last=Joule|first=J.P.|title=On the Existence of an Equivalent Relation between Heat and the ordinary Forms of Mechanical Power|journal=Philosophical Magazine |date=1845c|volume=27|series=3|issue=179 | pages=205–207|doi=10.1080/14786444508645256 |url=https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/19987#page/219/mode/1up|display-authors=0}}
*{{cite journal|last=Joule|first=J.P.|title=On the Mechanical Equivalent of Heat|journal=Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London|date=1850|volume=140|pages=61–82|doi=10.1098/rstl.1850.0004|url=https://archive.org/stream/philtrans00608634/00608634#page/n0/mode/2up|display-authors=0|doi-access=free}}
*{{ cite book | last= Joule|first= J. P. | title = The Scientific Papers of James Prescott Joule | publisher = Physical Society
| location = London | year = 1884 | url = https://archive.org/stream/scientificpapers01joul#page/n3/mode/2up |display-authors=0|ol=239730M}}
{{refend}}
 
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