Lishayniklar — versiyalar orasidagi farq

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}}'''Lishayniklar''' ({{lang-la|Lichenes}}) [[zamburugʻlar]] va [[suvoʻtlari]] va/yoki [[sianobakteriyalar]]ning [[simbioz|simbiotik]] majmualari boʻlmish [[organizm]]lardir.<ref name=dobson>F.S. Dobson (2000) Lichens, an illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. Richmond Publishing Co. Ltd., Slough, UK</ref> Biroq lishayniklar morfologiyasi, fiziologiyasi va biokimyosi zamburugʻ va suvoʻtlarnikidan farq qiladi. Lishayniklar tarqalish areali nihoyatda xilma-xil, ularni sovuq, nam iqlimda ham, issiq, choʻl sharoitida ham uchratish mumkin,<ref name="Morris2007">{{cite book |author=Morris J, Purvis W. |title=Lichens (Life) |publisher=The Natural History Museum |location=London |year=2007 |page=19 |isbn=0-565-09153-0 |oclc= |doi= |accessdate=}}</ref> shu bilan birga ular atrof-muhit oʻzgarishiga sezgirdir.<ref name=ferry/><refFerry, name=rosehawksworth/><refB.W., name=Hawksworthrose1976/>Baddeley, LishayniklardanM.S. boʻyoq& Hawkworth, atir-upaD. ishlabL. chiqarishda(Editors) hamda(1973) tabobatdaAir foydalaniladiPollution and Lichens. Athlone Press, London.</ref>
<ref name=rosehawksworth>Rose C.I., Hawksworth D.L. (1981) Lichen recolonization in London's cleaner air. Nature</ref>
<ref name=Hawksworthrose1976>D.L. Hawksworth and F. Rose(1976) Lichens as pollution monitors. Edward Arnold, Institute of Biology Series, No. 66. 60pp. ISBN 0713125543: 0713125551(pbk.)</ref> Lishayniklardan boʻyoq, atir-upa ishlab chiqarishda hamda tabobatda foydalaniladi.
 
==Manbalar==
<ref name=dobson>F.S. Dobson (2000) Lichens, an illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. Richmond Publishing Co. Ltd., Slough, UK</ref>
<ref name="Morris2007">{{cite book |author=Morris J, Purvis W. |title=Lichens (Life) |publisher=The Natural History Museum |location=London |year=2007 |page=19 |isbn=0-565-09153-0 |oclc= |doi= |accessdate=}}</ref>
<ref name=ferry>Ferry, B.W., Baddeley, M.S. & Hawkworth, D. L. (Editors) (1973) Air Pollution and Lichens. Athlone Press, London.</ref>
<ref name=rosehawksworth>Rose C.I., Hawksworth D.L. (1981) Lichen recolonization in London's cleaner air. Nature</ref>
<ref name=Hawksworthrose1976>D.L. Hawksworth and F. Rose(1976) Lichens as pollution monitors. Edward Arnold, Institute of Biology Series, No. 66. 60pp. ISBN 0713125543: 0713125551(pbk.)</ref>
{{reflist}}
 
== Tashqi ishoratlar ==
{{Commonscat|Lichens|Lishayniklar}}
* [http://bugs.bio.usyd.edu.au/Mycology/Plant_Interactions/Lichen/lichenBiology.shtml University of Sydney lichen biology]
* [http://www.nlnature.com Memorial University's NL Nature project, focusing primarily on lichens]
* [http://www.esa.int/esaHS/SEMUJM638FE_index_0.html ESA article on lichen survivability in low earth orbit]
* [http://www.theBLS.org.uk The British Lichen Society]
* [http://www.lichen.com/ Lichens of North America]
* [http://www.blackturtle.us/DV_PLANTS/LICHEN/ Lichen Information and Pictures at blackturtle.us]
* [http://pnwfungi.org/ Pacific Northwest Fungi Online Journal, includes articles on lichens]
* [http://www.naturlink.pt/canais/Artigo.asp?iArtigo=2977&iLingua=2 Fungi that discovered agriculture]
* [http://www.tropicallichens.net Pictures of Tropical Lichens]
* [http://share.gigapan.org/viewGigapan.php?id=20100 High Resolution 1.5 Gigapixel Image of a Lichen Covered Rock]
* [http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/images/332/Lichens/Foliose_lichen_130_d.gif Good example of a Lichen]
* [http://liaslight.lias.net/ LIAS light: an online interactive identification key for the lichen species of the World]
 
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