British Board of Film Classification

British Board of Film Classification („Britaniya film klassifikatsiyasi kengashi“) yoki BBFC — 1912-yilda kino sanoati tomonidan tashkil etilgan nodavlat tashkilot boʻlib, Buyuk Britaniyada filmlar va video oʻyinlarning milliy klassifikatsiyasi/tasnifi va senzurasi uchun mas’uldir. Bu tashkilot dastlab British Board of Film Censors („Britaniya kino senzuralari kengashi“) deb atalgan.

Rasmiy logosi

SimvollariTahrirlash

BBFC bugungi kunda quyidagi simvollardan foydalanadi:

Simvol Name Tavsif/Izohlar
  Universal Barcha yoshdagilar uchun moʻljallangan.
Masalan: Yulduzlar jangi
  Parental Guidance 8 yosh va undan kattalar uchun moʻljallangan.
Masalan: Ghostbusters
  12A 12 yosh va undan kattalar uchun moʻljallangan.
Masalan: Yozning 500 kuni
  12 12 yosh va undan kattalar uchun moʻljallangan VHS, DVD, Blu-ray Disc, UMD yoki oʻyinlar.
Masalan: Terminator
  15 15 yosh va undan kattalar uchun moʻljallangan VHS, DVD, Blu-ray Disc, UMD yoki oʻyinlar.
Masalan: Final Destination
  18 Voyaga yetganlar koʻrishi mumkin boʻgan.

18 yosh va undan kattalar uchun moʻljallangan.
yosh va undan kattalar uchun moʻljallangan VHS, DVD, Blu-ray Disc, UMD na oʻyinlar.
Masalan: Testere

  R18 Voyaga yetganlar koʻrishi mumkin boʻgan.
18 yosh va undan kattalar uchun moʻljallangan.

ManbalarTahrirlash

  • Aldgate, Anthony Censorship and the Permissive Society: British Cinema and Theatre, 1955-1965. Clarendon Press., 1995.. ISBN 9780198112419. 
  • Baron, Saskia (writer and director) Empire of the Censors — two-part TV documentary, pc. Barraclough Carey, prod. Paul Kerr, BBC2, tx. 28 & 29 May 1995
  • Knowles, Dorothy The Censor, the Drama and the Film. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1934.. 
  • Hunnings, Neville March Film Censors and the Law. London: Allen & Unwin, 1967.. 
  • Behind the Scenes at the BBFC: Film Classification from the Silver Screen to the Digital Age. London: British Film Institute/Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.. 
  • Mathews, Tom Dewe Censored. London: Chatto & Windus, 1994.. 
  • Petrie, Duncan J. Creativity And Constraint In The British Film Industry. Palgrave MacMillan, 1991.. ISBN 978-1-349-21473-0. 
  • Richards, Jeffrey The British Board of Film Censors and Content Control in the 1930s, 1981. — s. 95–116. DOI:10.1080/01439688100260101. 
  • Richards, Jeffrey The British Board of Film Censors and Content Control in the 1930s, 1982. — s. 39–48. DOI:10.1080/01439688200260031. 
  • Robertson, James Crighton British Film Censorship Goes to War, 1982. — s. 49–64. DOI:10.1080/01439688200260041. 
  • Robertson, James Crighton The British Board of Film Censors: Film Censorship in Britain, 1896–1950. London: Croom Helm, 1985.. 
  • Robertson, James Crighton The Hidden Cinema: British Film Censorship in Action 1913–72. London: Routledge, 1993.. ISBN 978-0-415-09034-6. 
  • Wood, Leslie The Miracle of the Movies. Burke Publishing Co., 1947.. 

HavolalarTahrirlash