Leatrice Joy (Leatrice Johanna Zeidler, talaffuzi: „Leatrice Yoxanna Zaydler“[1], 1893-yil 7-noyabr – 1985-yil 13-may) — ovozsiz kino davrida eng samarali amerikalik aktrisa.

Leatrice Joy
Leatrice joy.jpg
Joy 1920-yil
Tavalludi
Leatrice Johanna Zeidler

7-noyabr 1893-yil
Vafoti 13-may 1985-yil(1985-05-13)
(91 yoshda)
New York City, A. Q. Sh.
Fuqaroligi AQSh
Kasbi Aktrisa
Turmush oʻrtogʻi
John Gilbert
(turm. 1922; ajr. 1925)

William S. Hook
(turm. 1931; ajr. 1944)

Arthur Kem Westermark
(turm. 1945; ajr. 1954)
Faoliyat yillari 1915—1954
Bolalari 1

YoshlikTahrirlash

Joy Nyu-Orleanda (Luiziana shtati) tish shifokori Edward Jozeph Zeidler oilasida tugʻilgan[2], avstriyalik va fransuz millatidan boʻlgan Mary Joy Krimensning farzandi. Uning Billy ismli akasi bor edi, u keyinchalik Metro-Goldwyn-Mayerda ishlagan. 

KaryeraTahrirlash

 
Joy, 1920-yillarning boshi

Joy aktyorlik faoliyatini birja teatrlarida boshladi va tez orada katta ekranlardagi filmda debyut qildi. 1916-yil apreldan 1917-yil noyabrgacha u Pensilvaniya shtatining Uilks-Barre shahrida Amerika Qoʻshma Shtatlari Kinokorporatsiyasi va Paramount Pictures tomonidan milliy miqyosda suratga olingan 20 ga yaqin bir gʻaltakli Qora olmos komediyalarining yulduzi boʻlgan[3]. Ularning koʻpchiligida hazil-mutoyibalarga berilib boʻlmaydigan gʻayratli, impulsiv yosh ayol „Susie“ rolini oʻynadi.

Shaxsiy hayotTahrirlash

Joy uch marta turmushga chiqqan va bir farzandi bor boʻlgan. 1922-yil 22-martda aktyor John Gilbertga turmushga chiqdi. Ularning Leatrice ismli qizi[4][5] bor. Joy roman yozuvchisi va dramaturg Ernest Geblerning birinchi xotini boʻlgan[6] [7]. Joy 1924-yil avgust oyida Gilbertning xiyonati va ichkilikbozligini aytib, ajrashish uchun ariza berdi[8][9] .Joyning ikkinchi nikohi 1931-yil 22-oktabrda tadbirkor William Spenser Hook bilan bo‘lgan[10]. Ular 1944-yilda ajrashishdi. Joyning uchinchi va oxirgi nikohi sobiq aktyor va elektrotexnika muhandisi Arthur Kem Westermark bilan boʻlgan. Ular 1945-yil 5-martda Mexiko shahrida turmush qurishdi va 1954-yil oktyabrda ajrashishdi[11][12].

OʻlimTahrirlash

1985-yil 13-mayda Joy Nyu-York , Bronks, Riverdale shahridagi High Ridge House Christian Science qariyalar uyida oʻtkir kamqonlikdan vafot etdi[13][14]. U Konnektikut shtatining Old Grinvich shahridagi Avliyo Najotkor episkop cherkoviga dafn qilindi. 

Kino sanoatiga qoʻshgan hissasi uchun Leatrice Joy Gollivud shon-shuhrat xiyobonida, 6517 Hollywood bulvarida yulduzga ega.

FilmografiyaTahrirlash

Yil Sarlavah Rol Eslatmalar
1915 His Turning Point Miss Carey
1916 The Folly of Revenge Antonioning qizi
The Other Man Qisqa film
A Troublesome Trip tasdiqlanmagan rol Qisqa film
Their Counterfeit Vacation tasdiqlanmagan rol Qisqa film
Auto Intoxication Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
1917 Excess Baggage Sue Topper Qisqa film
The Pride of the Clan akkreditivsiz
A Girl’s Folly Qiz akkreditivsiz
Her Scrambled Ambition Susie Qisqa film
The Magic Vest Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
Speed Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
Getting the Evidence Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
The Wishbone Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
Her Iron Will Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
Her Fractured Voice Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
Susie of the Follies Susie Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
The Window Dresser’s Dream Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
Wits and Fits Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
The Rejuvenator Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
Susie the Sleepwalker Susie Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
Susieʼs Scheme Susie Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
Susie Slips One Over Susie Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
The Candy Kid Qisqa film
Nearly a Baker Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
A Society Scrimmage Qisqa film

Beatrice Joy sifatida ijro
The Slave Susie, his daughter Qisqa film
Lost film
1918 The Stranger Susie Qisqa film
His Day Out Joy Qisqa film
The Orderly Qisqa film
The Scholar Qisqa film
The Messenger Qisqa film
The Handy Man Qisqa film
Shackled akkreditivsiz/tasdiqlanmagan
One Dollar Bid Emily Dare
The City of Tears Maria lost film
Wedlock Jane Hollister
Her Man muqobil sarlavha: The Battle Cry
The Woman Eternal
Three X Gordon Farmerning qizi
1919 The Man Hunter Florence lost film
The Water Lily undetermined role
1920 Just a Wife Mary Virginia Lee
The Right of Way Rosalie Eventurail lost film
Blind Youth Hope Martin lost film
Smiling All the Way Alice Drydan
The Invisible Divorce Pidgie Ryder lost film
Down Home Nance Pelot
1921 Bunty Pulls the Strings Bunty Biggar lost film
A Tale of Two Worlds Sui Sen
The Ace of Hearts Lilith
Ladies Must Live Barbara lost film
The Poverty of Riches Katherine Colby lost film
Voices of the City Georgia Rodman lost film
1922 Saturday Night Iris Van Suydam
The Bachelor Daddy Sally Lockwood lost film
A Trip to Paramountown Oʻzi Qisqa film
Manslaughter Lydia Thorne
The Man Who Saw Tomorrow Rita Pring lost film
Minnie Minnie lost film
1923 Java Head Taou Yuen lost film
You Canʼt Fool Your Wife Edith McBride lost film
The Silent Partner Lisa Coburn lost film
Hollywood Cameo role lost film
The Ten Commandments Mary Leigh
1924 The Marriage Cheat Helen Canfield incomplete
Triumph Ann Land
Changing Husbands Gwynne Evans/Eva Graham
1925 The Dressmaker from Paris Fifi lost film
Hell’s Highroad Judy Nichols
The Wedding Song Beatrice Glynn
1926 Made for Love Joan Ainsworth
Eveʼs Leaves Eve Corbin
The Clinging Vine Antoinette B. „A. B.“ Allen
For Alimony Only Mary Martin Williams
1927 Girl in the Rain
Nobody’s Widow Roxanna Smith
Vanity Barbara Fiske
The Angel of Broadway Babe Scott lost film
1928 The Blue Danube Marguerite
Man-Made Women Nan Payson
Show People Oʻzi — at Banquet akkreditivsiz
Tropic Madness Juanita
1929 The Bellamy Trial Sue Ives
Strong Boy Mary McGregor lost film
A Most Immoral Lady Laura Sergeant
1930 The Love Trader Martha Adams
1939 First Love Grace Shute Clinton alternative title: Cinderella
1940 The Old Swimminʼ Hole Miss Julie Carter
1949 Red Stallion in the Rockies Martha Simpson
Air Hostess Celia Hansen
1951 Love Nest Eadie Gaynor
1953-1954 Westinghouse Studio One various roles
1954 Robert Montgomery Presents

ManbalarTahrirlash

  1. "New Orleans, Louisiana Birth Records Index, 1790-1899". Vital Records Indices (State of Louisiana, Secretary of State, Division of Archives, Records Management, and History.) 101: 520. 2002. 
  2. Soard's New Orleans, Louisiana 1913 City Directory. Association of American Directory Publishers, 1913 — 1228 bet. 
  3. "Leatrice Joy in Paramount Comedies.". The Moving Picture World: 2084. June 30, 1917. https://archive.org/details/movingpicturewor32newy. Qaraldi: December 12, 2012. Leatrice Joy]]
  4. „Leatrice Fountain's Obituary on GreenwichTime“. GreenwichTime.
  5. „Leatrice Gilbert Fountain (1924-2015): Daughter of Hollywood Legends“ (25-yanvar 2015-yil).
  6. „Son reveals Edna O'Brien's rows with jealous husband“.
  7. LaSalle. „Saved from ignominy/His daughter's stubborn campaign put unfairly maligned actor John Gilbert back in the pantheon of silent film stars -- where he's always belonged“. sfgate.com (6-iyul 2005-yil). Qaraldi: 6-yanvar 2016-yil.
  8. „Leatrice Joy Asks Divorce“. The Telegraph-Herald (3-avgust 1924-yil), s. 22. Qaraldi: 12-fevral 2013-yil.
  9. Arnold, Thomas K.. Symphony to Screen John Gilbert Classic Daughter Speaks Up About a Silent Legend. The Los Angeles Times (23-mart 1988-yil), s. 1.
  10. „Leatrice Joy Has New Role; Through With Film Career“. The Telegraph-Herald and Times-Journal (22-oktabr 1931-yil), s. 1. Qaraldi: 12-fevral 2013-yil.
  11. „Leatrice Joy Wed Electrical Engineer“. The Evening Independent (14-mart 1945-yil). Qaraldi: 12-fevral 2013-yil.
  12. Leatrice Joy Divorced. The New York Times (22-oktabr 1954-yil), s. 24.
  13. Leatrice Joy, 91, Dies; Actress in Silent Films. The New York Times (18-may 1985-yil).
  14. „Featured in DeMille's 'The Ten Commandments' : Silent Film Star Leatrice Joy Dies at 91“. The Los Angeles Times (15-may 1985-yil). Qaraldi: 27-yanvar 2014-yil.