Heike Kamerlingh Onnes — versiyalar orasidagi farq

 
[[1911-yil]]ga kelib, Kammerling-Onnes, [[Simob|simob]]ning elektr o‘tkazuvchanligi 4.2 Kelvin haroratda birdaniga keskin kamayishini aniqlashga muvaffq boʻlgan. Ushbu hodisa fizikada [[Oʻta oʻtkazuvchanlik|o‘ta-o‘tkazuvchanlik]] nomini olgan<ref>{{cite journal|url=http://ilorentz.org/history/cold/DelftKes_HKO_PT.pdf |title=The Discovery of Superconductivity|author=van Delft, Dirk and Kes, Peter |date=September 2010|pages=38–43|journal=Physics Today|doi=10.1063/1.3490499|volume=63}}</ref> . Bir yil o‘tib, u suyuq geliyning [[O‘ta oquvchanlik|o‘ta oquvchanlik]] xossasini kashf etadi<ref>van Delft, Dirk (2007) [http://www.dwc.knaw.nl/wp-content/HSSN/2007-10-Van%20Delft-Freezing%20Physics.pdf ''Freezing physics, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes and the quest for cold''], Edita, Amsterdam, ISBN 9069845199.</ref>
. Ushbu masalalar yuzasidan tekshiruvlarni davom ettirib, [[1913-yil]]da, kuchli magnit maydoni ham toklar taʼsirida o‘ta-o‘tkazuvchanlikning buzilishi hodisasini aniqlaydi. Aynan shu yili Heyke Kammerling-OnnesniOnnes, ''Natijasi suyuq geliy ishlab chiqarishni yo‘lga qo‘yilishiga sabab bo‘lgan, o‘ta past haroratlardagi moddalarning xossalarini tadqiq qilgani uchun'' fizika bo‘yicha Nobel mukofotiga loyiq ko‘rilgan. Past haroratlar fizikasida erishgan yutuqlari sharafiga u, hamkasblari orasida (''Janob Mutlaq nol'') taxallusi bilan atala boshlangan<ref>{{Cite journal | doi = 10.1098/rstl.1862.0001| title = On the Influence of Temperature on the Electric Conducting Power of Metals| journal = Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London| volume = 152| pages = 1–27| year = 1862| last1 = Matthiessen | first1 = A.| last2 = von Bose | first2 = M.}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal | doi = 10.1098/rstl.1864.0004| title = On the Influence of Temperature on the Electric Conducting-Power of Alloys| journal = Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London| volume = 154| pages = 167–200| year = 1864| last1 = Matthiessen | first1 = A.| last2 = Vogt | first2 = C.}}</ref>.
 
Olimning past haroratlar fizikasida faqat [[Nazariya|nazariyot]] bilan cheklanib qolmasdan, balki, mazkur soha yutuqlarini amaliyotga tadbiq etish borasida ham amalga oshirgan. Chunonchi u, [[Refrijerator|sovutgichli vagonlar]] (''refrijeratorlar'') hamda, oziq-ovqat mahsulotlarini saqlash tizimlarini loyihalash-muhandislik ishlarida faol ishtirok etgan.
 
Heyke Kammerling-Onnes, [[1926-yil]]ning [[21-fevral]] sanasida [[Leyden]]da vafot etgan.
 
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