Rosetta (fazo apparati): Versiyalar orasidagi farq

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[[Fayl:Rosetta.jpg|thumb|right|250px|''Rosetta'' apparati, komputer grafikasi.]]
'''''Rosetta''''' ({{talaffuz|Rozetta}}) [[avtomatik kosmik stansiya]] boʻlib, [[Yevropa kosmik agentligi]] tomonidan [[67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko]] (67P) [[kometa]]sini tadqiq etish uchun yaratilgan. Kometaga qoʻnuvchi ''[[Philae (fazo apparati)|Philae]]'' apparati tashiydi.<ref name="NASA-20140630">{{citeWeb webmanbasi |last=Agle |first=DC |last2=Brown |first2=Dwayne |last3=Bauer |first3=Markus |title=Rosetta's Comet Target 'Releases' Plentiful Water |url=http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2014-212 |date=30 June-iyun 2014-yil |work=[[NASA]] |accessdate=30 June-iyun 2014-yil }}</ref><ref name="NYT-20140805">{{citeYangiliklar newsmanbasi |last=Chang |first=Kenneth |title=Rosetta Spacecraft Set for Unprecedented Close Study of a Comet |url=http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/06/science/space/rosetta-spacecraft-set-for-unprecedented-close-study-of-a-comet.html |date=5 August-avgust 2014-yil |work=[[New York Times]] |accessdate=5 August-avgust 2014-yil }}</ref>
 
''Rosetta'' 2004-yil 2-martda [[Ariane 5]] raketasida fazoga olib chiqilib, kometaga 2014-yil 6-avgustda yetib bordi<ref name="OCM">{{citeWeb webmanbasi |url=http://blogs.esa.int/rosetta/2014/05/07/thruster-burn-kicks-off-crucial-series-of-manoeuvres// |title=Thruster burn kicks off crucial series of manoeuvres |publisher=European Space Agency |first=Daniel |last=Scuka |date=7 May-may 2014-yil |accessdate=21 May-may 2014-yil}}</ref> va kometa atrofida aylanuvchi birinchi apparat boʻldi.<ref name="Fischer2014-08-06">{{citeWeb webmanbasi |url=http://www.planetary.org/blogs/guest-blogs/2014/0806-fischer-rendezvous-with-a-crazy-world.html |title=Rendezvous with a crazy world |publisher=[[The Planetary Society]] |first=D. |last=Fischer |date=6 August-avgust 2014-yil |accessdate=6 August-avgust 2014-yil |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140806210446/http://www.planetary.org/blogs/guest-blogs/2014/0806-fischer-rendezvous-with-a-crazy-world.html |archivedate=2014-08-06 |deadurl=no }}</ref><ref name="Bauer2014">{{citeWeb webmanbasi |url=http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Rosetta/Rosetta_arrives_at_comet_destination |title=Rosetta Arrives at Comet Destination |publisher=[[European Space Agency]] |first=M. |last=Bauer |date=6 August-avgust 2014-yil |accessdate=6 August-avgust 2014-yil |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140806111419/http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Rosetta/Rosetta_arrives_at_comet_destination |archivedate=2014-08-06 |deadurl=no }}</ref><ref name="Lakdawalla2014-08-15">{{citeWeb webmanbasi |authorlink=Emily Lakdawalla |url=http://www.planetary.org/blogs/emily-lakdawalla/2014/08150814-finding-my-way-around-cg.html |title=Finding my way around comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko |publisher=[[The Planetary Society]] |first=E. |last=Lakdawalla |date=15 August-avgust 2014-yil |accessdate=15 August-avgust 2014-yil |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140815234826/http://www.planetary.org/blogs/emily-lakdawalla/2014/08150814-finding-my-way-around-cg.html |archivedate=2014-08-15 |deadurl=no }}</ref> (kometalar tomon uchirilgan avvalgi apparatlar ularning yonidan uchib oʻtishgandi.<ref name="">{{citeYangiliklar newsmanbasi |url=http://www.techtimes.com/articles/17887/20141014/rosetta-s-lander-philae-snaps-selfie-with-comet.htm |title=Rosetta's lander Philae snaps selfie with comet |work=Tech Times |first=Jim |last=Algar |date=14 October-oktabr 2014-yil |accessdate=19 October-oktabr 2014-yil}}</ref>) Apparat ikki asosiy qism: 12 asbobli ''Rosetta'' orbital apparati va 9 asbobli ''Philae'' qoʻnuvchi apparatidan iborat.<ref name="ESA">{{citeWeb webmanbasi |url=http://www.esa.int/esaMI/Rosetta/SEMYMF374OD_0.html |title=Rosetta at a glance |publisher=European Space Agency |accessdate=4 October-oktabr 2010-yil |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110514003109/http://www.esa.int/esaMI/Rosetta/SEMYMF374OD_0.html |archivedate=2011-05-14 }}</ref> ''Rosetta'' apparati 67P kometasini 17 oy sinchiklab oʻrganishi rejalashtirilgan. Missiya [[Darmstadt]] shahridagi [[Yevropa kosmik amaliyotlar markazi]]dan boshqariladi.<ref>{{citeYangiliklar newsmanbasi |url=http://edition.cnn.com/2014/01/20/world/europe/rosetta-comet-probe/index.html |title=Comet-chasing probe wakes up, calls home |work=CNN |first1=Michael |last1=Pearson |first2=Matt |last2=Smith |date=21 January-yanvar 2014-yil |accessdate=21 January-yanvar 2014-yil}}</ref>
 
Apparat [[qadimgi Misr]]ga oid bitiklar yozilgan [[Rozetta toshi]] sharafiga nomlangan. Qoʻnuvchi apparat esa [[Nil]] daryosidagi [[Fila]] oroli va unda topilgan yunon-Misr [[obelisk]]i sharafiga atalgan. Rozetta toshi va Fila obeliskidagi bitiklarni oʻrganish Misr yozuvini tushunishga yordam qilgan. Shunga qiyos qilib, bu apparatlar kometani oʻrganish orqali [[Quyosh tizimi]] tarixini tushunishga yordam qilishi mumkin.<ref name="space20140115">{{citeYangiliklar newsmanbasi |url=http://www.space.com/24292-rosetta-spacecraft.html |title=Rosetta Spacecraft: To Catch a Comet |work=Space.com |first=Tim |last=Sharp |date=15 January-yanvar 2014-yil |accessdate=25 January-yanvar 2014-yil}}</ref><ref name="esaint20040205">{{citeYangiliklar newsmanbasi |url=http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Rosetta/Unlocking_the_secrets_of_the_universe_Rosetta_lander_named_Philae |title=Unlocking the secrets of the universe: Rosetta lander named Philae |publisher=European Space Agency |date=5 February-fevral 2004-yil |accessdate=25 January-yanvar 2014-yil}}</ref>
 
Rosetta'ning ''Philae'' apparati 2014-yil 12-noyabrida 67P kometasiga qoʻndi.<ref name="NYT-20141112-KC">{{citeYangiliklar newsmanbasi |last=Chang |first=Kenneth |title=European Space Agency’s Spacecraft Lands on Comet’s Surface |url=http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/13/science/space/european-space-agencys-spacecraft-lands-on-comets-surface.html |date=12 November-noyabr 2014-yil |work=[[New York Times]] |accessdate=12 November-noyabr 2014-yil }}</ref><ref>{{CiteWeb webmanbasi|url = http://news.sky.com/story/1371730/rosetta-comet-probe-beams-back-pictures|title = Rosetta: Comet Probe Beams Back Pictures|date = 12 November-noyabr 2012-yil|accessdate = 12 November-noyabr 2012-yil|website = Rosetta: Comet Probe Beams Back Pictures|publisher = SkyNews|archivedate = 2015-10-09|archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20151009150312/http://news.sky.com/story/1371730/rosetta-comet-probe-beams-back-pictures}}</ref>
 
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