Looney Tunes (talaffuzi: Lyuni Tyunz) Amerika multiplikatsiyasining oltin davrida, Warner Bros. studiyasi tomonidan 1930- va 1969-yillar oraligʻida ishlab chiqarilgan komedik janrdagi qisqa hajmli animatsion filmlardir.[1][2]

Looney Tunes
Looney tunes careta.png
Rejissor
  • Tex Avery
  • Bob Clampett
  • Arthur Davis
  • Friz Freleng
  • Hugh Harman
  • Rudolf Ising
  • Chuck Jones
  • Robert McKimson
  • Frank Tashlin
Produser
  • Hugh Harman
  • Rudolf Ising
  • Leon Schlesinger
  • Edward Selzer
  • John W. Burton
  • David H. DePatie
  • Friz Freleng
  • William L. Hendricks
Hikoya
  • Warren Foster
  • Tedd Pierce
  • Michael Maltese
Rollarda
  • Mel Blanc
  • June Foray
  • Arthur Q. Bryan
  • Bea Benaderet
  • Stan Freberg
Bastakor
  • Carl W. Stalling
  • Milt Franklyn
  • William Lava
Animator
  • Ken Harris
  • Warren Batchelder
  • Rod Scribner
  • Abe Levitow
  • Gerry Chiniquy
  • Izzy Ellis
  • Virgil Ross
  • Ben Washam
  • Bill Melendez
  • Phil Monroe
  • Manny Gould
  • Richard Thompson
  • Norman McCabe
Layout
  • Maurice Noble
  • Hawley Pratt
  • Robert Gribbroek
Orqafon
  • Paul Julian
  • Pete Alvarado
  • Philip DeGuard
Rangi
  • Oq-qora (1930–1943)
  • Technicolor (1942–1969)
  • Cinecolor
Ishlab chiqaruvchi
kompaniyalar
  • Harman-Ising Productions (1930–1933)
  • Leon Schlesinger Productions (1933–1944)
  • Warner Bros. Cartoons (1944–1964)
  • DePatie–Freleng Enterprises (1964–1967)
  • Format Productions (1964–1967)
  • Warner Bros.-Seven Arts Animation (1967–1969)
  • Warner Bros. Animation
(1987-present)
Distributor
  • Warner Bros.
  • The Vitaphone Corporation
  • Vitagraph Company of America
  • Turner Entertainment Co.
Premyera 1930-1969 (original qismlar)
Davomiyligi 6-10 daqiqa

Looney Tunes (va Merrie Melodies) dastlab 1930- va 1933-yillar oraligʻida Leon Schlesinger hamda animatorlar — Hugh Harman va Rudolf Ising tomonidan ishlab chiqarilgan.[3] Schlesinger 1933-yildan to 1944-yildaga qadar, oʻz studiyasini Warner Bros. shirkatiga sotgunga qadar toʻliq ishlab chiqarishni oʻz gardaniga oldi.[3] Multfilmning Looney Tunes deb nomlanishi Walt Disneyning Silly Symphonies animatsion myuziklidan ilhomlangan tarzda vujudga kelgan.[3]

Looney Tunes personajlaridan biri boʻlmish Bugs Bunny 1940-yillar boshlariga kelib, Merrie Melodies va Looney Tunes sirasiga kiruvchi filmlar yulduziga aylanganidan soʻng, oq-qorada ishlangan bu qisqa hajmli multfilmlar rangli tarzda ishlab chiqarila boshladi (Merrie Melodies 1934-yildan beri rangli boʻlib kelgan).[3] 1942-yildan 1964-yilga qadar. Looney Tunes va Merrie Melodies kinoteatrlarda eng mashhur qisqa metrajli animatsion filmlar boʻlgan.[4]

Looney Tunes haqida bir nechta teleseriallar, toʻliq hajmli filmlar, komikslar, musiqiy albomlar va video oʻyinlar yaratilib, umumjahon boʻylab media-franshizaga aylandi. Multfilm qahramonlarining koʻp qismi turli teleshoular, filmlar va reklama roliklarida kameo (epizod) rollarda koʻrinish berishda davom etishmoqda. Looney Tunesning eng mashhur personaji boʻlgan Bugs Bunny madaniy timsol (ikona) oʻlaroq qabul qilindi hamda Hollywood shon-sharaf xiyobonida yulduzga egadir.[5] Koʻpgina Looney Tunes / Merrie Melodies sirasiga kiruvchi filmlar barcha zamonlarning eng zoʻr multfilmlari qatoriga kiritilgan (masalan, „ov trilogiyasi“ (Rabbit Fire, Rabbit Seasoning va Duck! Rabbit, Duck!), Duck Amuck, One Froggy Evening va Whatʼs Opera, Doc?) hamda beshtasi (Tweetie Pie, Speedy Gonzales, Birds Anonymous, Knighty Knight Bugs va For Scent-imental Reasons) Oscar (Akademiya) mukofotlarining tegishli nominatsiyalarida gʻolib chiqqan.

Aloqador mediaTahrirlash

TeleseriallarTahrirlash

* — qisqa hajmli film
  • The Bugs Bunny Show (1960-2000)*
  • The Porky Pig Show (1964-1967)*
  • The Road Runner Show (1966-1973)*
  • The Merrie Melodies Show (1972)*
  • Merrie Melodies Starring Bugs Bunny & Friends (1990-1994)*
  • Tiny Toon Adventures (1990-1992)
  • Taz-Mania (1991-1995)
  • The Plucky Duck Show (1992)
  • The Sylvester & Tweety Mysteries (1995-2000)
  • Bugs 'nʼ Daffy (1995-1998)*
  • Baby Looney Tunes (2001-2006)
  • Duck Dodgers (2003-2005)
  • Loonatics Unleashed (2005-2007)
  • The Looney Tunes Show (2011-2013)
  • New Looney Tunes (2015-2020)
  • Looney Tunes Cartoons (2020-hozirgacha)
  • Tooned Out (nomaʼlum)
  • Tiny Toons Looniversity (2022)
  • Bugs Bunny Builders (nomaʼlum)
  • Tweety Mysteries (nomaʼlum)

Maxsus ishlangan qismlarTahrirlash

  • Daffy Duck and Porky Pig Meet the Groovie Goolies (1972)
  • Bugs and Daffy’s Carnival of the Animals (1976)
  • Bugs Bunny’s Easter Special (1977)*
  • Bugs Bunny’s Howl-oween Special (1977)*
  • Bugs Bunny’s Thanksgiving Diet (1979)*
  • Bugs Bunny’s Looney Christmas Tales (1979)
  • Bugs Bunny’s Bustinʼ Out All Over (1980)
  • The Bugs Bunny Mystery Special (1980)*
  • Bugs vs. Daffy: Battle of the Music Video Stars (1988)*
  • Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue (1990)
  • Bugs Bunny’s Overtures to Disaster (1991)*

Toʻplam filmlarTahrirlash

  • The Bugs Bunny/Road Runner Movie (1979)
  • The Looney Looney Looney Bugs Bunny Movie (1981)
  • Bugs Bunny’s 3rd Movie: 1001 Rabbit Tales (1982)
  • Daffy Duck’s Fantastic Island (1983)
  • Daffy Duck’s Quackbusters (1988)

Toʻliq hajmli filmlarTahrirlash

Direct-to-videoTahrirlash

  • Tiny Toon Adventures: How I Spent My Vacation (1992)
  • Tweety’s High-Flying Adventure (2000)
  • Baby Looney Tunes' Eggs-traordinary Adventure (2003)
  • Bah, Humduck! A Looney Tunes Christmas (2006)
  • Looney Tunes: Rabbits Run (2015)
  • Teen Titans Go! See Space Jam (2021)

KomikslarTahrirlash

Dell PublishingTahrirlash

  • Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies Comics #1-165 (Dell Publishing, 1941-1955)
  • Bugs Bunny #1-85 (Dell Publishing, 1942-1962)
  • Porky Pig #1-81 (Dell Publishing, 1942-1962)
  • Tweety and Sylvester #1-37 (Dell Publishing, 1952-1962)
  • Daffy Duck #1-30 (Dell Publishing, 1953-1962)
  • Looney Tunes #166-246 (Dell Publishing, 1955-1962)
  • Beep Beep The Road Runner #1-14 (Dell Publishing, 1958-1962)

Gold Key Comics/WhitmanTahrirlash

  • Bugs Bunny #86-245 (Gold Key Comics/Whitman, 1962-1984)
  • Daffy Duck #31-145 (Gold Key Comics/Whitman, 1962-1984)
  • Tweety and Sylvester #1-120 (Gold Key Comics/Whitman, 1963-1984)
  • Porky Pig #1-109 (Gold Key Comics/Whitman, 1965-1984)
  • Yosemite Sam and Bugs Bunny #1-80 (Gold Key Comics/Whitman, 1970-1983)
  • Beep Beep The Road Runner #1-105 (Gold Key Comics/Whitman, 1971-1984)
  • Looney Tunes #1-47 (Gold Key Comics/Whitman, 1975-1984)

DC ComicsTahrirlash

  • Bugs Bunny #1-3 (DC Comics, 1990); #1-3 (DC Comics, 1993)
  • Looney Tunes #1-hozirgacha (DC Comics, 1994-hozirgacha)

ManbalarTahrirlash

  1. "Looney Tunes". www.bcdb.com, 12-aprel 2012-yil
  2. Lenburg, JeffThe Encyclopedia of Animated Cartoons. Checkmark Books, 1999. — 100–102 bet. ISBN 0-8160-3831-7. 6-iyun 2020-yilda qaraldi. 
  3. 3,0 3,1 3,2 3,3 Maltin, LeonardOf Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons (en). New American Library, 1987. — 222-229, 238, 256 bet. ISBN 978-0-452-25993-5. 
  4. „Warner Bros. Studio biography“. AnimationUSA.com. 3-dekabr 2017-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 22-iyul 2008-yil.
  5. „Bugs Bunny“. Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Qaraldi: 28-iyun 2012-yil.

HavolalarTahrirlash