Philae (fazo apparati)

Philae (talaffuzi: fayli) Yevropa kosmik agentligi tayyorlagan qoʻnuvchi apparat boʻlib, Rosetta apparati bortida 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko kometasiga uchirilgan.[1][2][3][4] 2014-yil 12-noyabrida kometa yadrosiga tushib, kometaga qoʻngan birinchi apparat boʻldi.[5] Uning asboblari kometa sirti suratlarini yuborishi va kometa tarkibini oʻrganishi rejalashtirilgan.[6] Philae Darmstadt shahridagi Yevropa kosmik amaliyotlar markazidan boshqariladi.[7] Apparat Nil daryosidagi Fila oroli sharafiga nomlangan, bu orolda qadimgi Misr va yunon bitiklari yozilgan obelisk topilgan edi.

Philae kometaga qoʻnmoqda.

ManbalarTahrirlash

  1. Chang, Kenneth (5 August 2014). "Rosetta Spacecraft Set for Unprecedented Close Study of a Comet". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/06/science/space/rosetta-spacecraft-set-for-unprecedented-close-study-of-a-comet.html. Qaraldi: 5 August 2014. 
  2. Ulamec, S.; Espinasse, S.; Feuerbacher, B.; Hilchenbach, M.; Moura, D. et al. (April 2006). "Rosetta Lander—Philae: Implications of an alternative mission". Acta Astronautica 58 (8): 435–441. doi:10.1016/j.actaastro.2005.12.009. 
  3. Biele, Jens (2002). "The Experiments Onboard the ROSETTA Lander". Earth, Moon, and Planets 90 (1-4): 445–458. doi:10.1023/A:1021523227314. 
  4. Rosetta: To Chase a Comet. NASA (17 January 2014). 18 January 2014.
  5. Chang, Kenneth (12 November 2014). "European Space Agency’s Spacecraft Lands on Comet’s Surface". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/13/science/space/european-space-agencys-spacecraft-lands-on-comets-surface.html. Qaraldi: 12 November 2014. 
  6. "Europe's Comet Chaser - Historic mission". European Space Agency. 16 January 2014. http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Rosetta/Europe_s_comet_chaser/. Qaraldi: 5 August 2014. 
  7. ESOC at ESA website, retrieved 13 November 2014

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