Abel mukofoti (inglizcha: Abelprisen; norv.: Abelprisen) — har yili Norvegiya qiroli tomonidan bir yoki undan koʻp matematikka ilmga qoʻshgan yirik hissasi uchun beriladigan mukofot. Mukofot norveg matematigi Niels Henrik Abel (1802–1829) nomi bilan ataladi va Nobel mukofotiga qarab taʼsis qilingan. Mukofot sovrindorlariga 6 million norveg kronasi (€600,000 yoki $660,000) miqdorida pul mukofoti beriladi.

Abel mukofoti
Oslo Universitet 2.jpg
Abel mukofoti Oslo universitetida topshiriladi
Mukofot sohasi Matematika
Tashkilotchi  Norvegiya hukumati
Mamlakat Norvegiya
Joy Oslo universiteti
Birinchi berilgan yili 2003
Oxirgi berilgan yili 2019
Rasmiy vebsayti

Mukofotning kelib chiqishi 1899-yilga borib taqaladi. Norveg matematigi Sophus Lie Alfred Nobelning mukofotlari matematiklarga berilmasligi haqida xabar topganidan keyin, matematiklar uchun alohida mukofot joriy qilishni taklif qilgan. 1902-yil Shvetsiya qiroli Oscar II Nobel mukofotlariga hamroh matematika mukofotini moliyalashtirish istagini izhor qilgan, ammo 1905-yilda Norvegiya va Shvetsiya ittifoqi tugagani uchun mukofotni joriy qilish rejasi amalga oshmay qolgan. Oradan deyarli bir asr oʻtib, 2001-yil Norvegiya hukumati mukofotni nihoyat joriy qildi. Mukofot sovrindorlarini Abel qoʻmitasi tanlaydi. Qoʻmita aʼzolarini esa Norvegiya fanlar akademiyasi tayinlaydi.

Mukofot Oslo universitetida topshiriladi. 1947–1989-yillarda ayni universitetida Nobel tinchlik mukofoti topshirilgan. Abel mukofoti kengashi Abel simpoziumiga asos solgan boʻlib, uni Norvegiya matematika jamiyati uyushtirib keladi.

Abel mukofoti sovrindorlariTahrirlash

Yil Sovrindorlar Tasvir Fuqoroligi Ishlagan joyi Sabablari
2003 Serre, Jean-PierreJean-Pierre Serre     Fransiya Collège de France „For playing a key role in shaping the modern form of many parts of mathematics, including topology, algebraic geometry and number theory.“[1]
2004 Atiyah, MichaelMichael Atiyah     Buyuk Britaniya Edinburgh universiteti

Cambridge universiteti

„For their discovery and proof of the index theorem, bringing together topology, geometry and analysis, and their outstanding role in building new bridges between mathematics and theoretical physics.“[2]
Singer, IsadoreIsadore Singer     AQSh Massachusetts texnologiya instituti
California universiteti, Berkeley
2005 Lax, PeterPeter Lax     Vengriya[3] /   AQSh Courant matematika fanlari instituti „For his groundbreaking contributions to the theory and application of partial differential equations and to the computation of their solutions.“[4]
2006 Carleson, LennartLennart Carleson     Shvetsiya[5] Qirollik texnologiya instituti „For his profound and seminal contributions to harmonic analysis and the theory of smooth dynamical systems.“[6]
2007 Varadhan, S. R. SrinivasaS. R. Srinivasa Varadhan     Hindiston /   AQSh[7] Courant matematika fanlari instituti „For his fundamental contributions to probability theory and in particular for creating a unified theory of large deviation.“[8]
2008 Thompson, John G.John G. Thompson     AQSh Florida universiteti „For their profound achievements in algebra and in particular for shaping modern group theory.“[9]
Tits, JacquesJacques Tits     Belgiya /   Fransiya[10] Collège de France
2009 Gromov, MixailMixail Gromov     Rossiya /   Fransiya[11] Oliy ilmiy tadqiqotlar instituti[12] va Perspektiv tadqiqotlar instituti [13] „For his revolutionary contributions to geometry.“[14]
2010 Tate, JohnJohn Tate     AQSh Texas uiversiteti, Austin „For his vast and lasting impact on the theory of numbers.“[15]
2011 Milnor, JohnJohn Milnor     AQSh Stony Brook universiteti „For pioneering discoveries in topology, geometry, and algebra.“[16]
2012 Szemerédi, EndreEndre Szemerédi     Vengriya /   AQSh[17] Alfréd Rényi matematika instituti
va Rutgers universiteti
„For his fundamental contributions to discrete mathematics and theoretical computer science, and in recognition of the profound and lasting impact of these contributions on additive number theory and ergodic theory.“[18]
2013 Deligne, PierrePierre Deligne     Belgiya Perspektiv tadqiqotlar instituti „For seminal contributions to algebraic geometry and for their transformative impact on number theory, representation theory, and related fields.“[19]
2014 Sinai, YakovYakov Sinai     Rossiya /   AQSh Princeton universiteti and Landau nazariy fizika instituti[20] „For his fundamental contributions to dynamical systems, ergodic theory, and mathematical physics.“[21]
2015 Nash Jr., John F.John F. Nash Jr.     AQSh Princeton universiteti „For striking and seminal contributions to the theory of nonlinear partial differential equations and its applications to geometric analysis.“[22]
Nirenberg, LouisLouis Nirenberg     Kanada /   AQSh Courant matematika fanlari instituti
2016 Wiles, AndrewAndrew Wiles     Buyuk Britaniya Oxford universiteti[23][24] „For his stunning proof of Fermat's Last Theorem by way of the modularity conjecture for semistable elliptic curves, opening a new era in number theory.“[25]
2017 Meyer, YvesYves Meyer     Fransiya Paris-Saclay oliy normal maktabi „For his pivotal role in the development of the mathematical theory of wavelets.“[26]
2018 Langlands, RobertRobert Langlands     Kanada /   AQSh[27] Perspektiv tadqiqotlar instituti „For his visionary program connecting representation theory to number theory.“[28]
2019 Uhlenbeck, KarenKaren Uhlenbeck     AQSh[29] Texas universiteti, Austin „For her pioneering achievements in geometric partial differential equations, gauge theory and integrable systems, and for the fundamental impact of her work on analysis, geometry and mathematical physics.“[30][31]
2020 Furstenberg, HillelHillel Furstenberg     /   Quddus yahudiy universiteti „For pioneering the use of methods from probability and dynamics in group theory, number theory and combinatorics.“[32]
Margulis, GrigoryGrigory Margulis     /   Yale universiteti
2021 Lovász, LászlóLászló Lovász     /   Eötvös Loránd University „For their foundational contributions to theoretical computer science and discrete mathematics, and their leading role in shaping them into central fields of modern mathematics“.[33]
Wigderson, AviAvi Wigderson     /   Institute for Advanced Study
2022 Sullivan, DennisDennis Sullivan     /   Stony Brook University and The Graduate Center, CUNY „For his groundbreaking contributions to topology in its broadest sense, and in particular its algebraic, geometric and dynamical aspects.“[34]

ManbalarTahrirlash

  1. „The Abel Prize Laureate 2003“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 21-may 2013-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 23-dekabr 2012-yil. Arxivlandi 2013-05-21 Wayback Machine saytida.
  2. „The Abel Prize Laureate 2004“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 21-may 2013-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 23-dekabr 2012-yil. Arxivlandi 2013-05-21 Wayback Machine saytida.
  3. Simons Foundation“. Simons Foundation. Qaraldi: 12-noyabr 2015-yil.
  4. „The Abel Prize Laureate 2005“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 14-may 2013-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 23-dekabr 2012-yil. Arxivlandi 2013-05-14 Wayback Machine saytida.
  5. „Swedish mathematician receives the Abel Prize“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 21-may 2013-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 23-dekabr 2012-yil. Arxivlandi 2013-05-21 Wayback Machine saytida.
  6. „The Abel Prize Laureate 2006“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 14-may 2013-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 23-dekabr 2012-yil. Arxivlandi 2013-05-14 Wayback Machine saytida.
  7. „Fields Institute – Thematic Program on Dynamic and Transport in Disordered Systems“. Fields Institute for Research in Mathematical Sciences. Qaraldi: 23-dekabr 2012-yil.
  8. „The Abel Prize Laureate 2007“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 14-may 2013-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 23-dekabr 2012-yil. Arxivlandi 2013-05-14 Wayback Machine saytida.
  9. „The Abel Prize Laureate 2008“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 14-may 2013-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 23-dekabr 2012-yil. Arxivlandi 2013-05-14 Wayback Machine saytida.
  10. „Abel Prize Ceremony 2008“. The Royal Norwegian Embassy in Seoul. Qaraldi: 23-dekabr 2012-yil.
  11. „Russian-French mathematician receives the Abel Prize“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 15-iyun 2013-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 23-dekabr 2012-yil. Arxivlandi 2013-06-15 Wayback Machine saytida.
  12. „The Abel Committee's Citation 2009“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 22-avgust 2016-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 9-avgust 2016-yil. Arxivlandi 2016-08-22 Wayback Machine saytida.
  13. Foderaro, Lisa W.. „In N.Y.U.'s Tally of Abel Prizes for Mathematics, Gromov Makes Three“ (31-may 2009-yil). Qaraldi: 17-oktabr 2012-yil.
  14. „The Abel Prize Laureate 2009“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 22-avgust 2016-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 9-avgust 2016-yil. Arxivlandi 2016-08-22 Wayback Machine saytida.
  15. „The Abel Prize Laureate 2010“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 14-may 2013-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 23-dekabr 2012-yil. Arxivlandi 2013-05-14 Wayback Machine saytida.
  16. „The Abel Prize Laureate 2011“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 14-may 2013-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 23-dekabr 2012-yil. Arxivlandi 2013-05-14 Wayback Machine saytida.
  17. „Hungarian-American Endre Szemerédi named Abel Prize winner“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 30-avgust 2012-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 23-dekabr 2012-yil. Arxivlandi 2012-08-30 Wayback Machine saytida.
  18. „The Abel Prize Laureate 2012“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 16-sentabr 2012-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 23-dekabr 2012-yil. Arxivlandi 2012-09-16 at WebCite[[]]
  19. „The Abel Prize Laureate 2013“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 17-may 2013-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 20-iyun 2013-yil. Arxivlandi 2013-05-17 Wayback Machine saytida.
  20. „The Abel Committee's Citation 2014“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 22-avgust 2016-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 9-avgust 2016-yil. Arxivlandi 2016-08-22 Wayback Machine saytida.
  21. „The Abel Prize Laureate 2014“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 22-avgust 2016-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 26-mart 2014-yil. Arxivlandi 2016-08-22 Wayback Machine saytida.
  22. „The Abel Prize Laureates 2015“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 22-avgust 2016-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 9-avgust 2016-yil. Arxivlandi 2016-08-22 Wayback Machine saytida.
  23. „The Abel Committee's Citation 2016“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 2-avgust 2016-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 9-avgust 2016-yil. Arxivlandi 2016-08-02 Wayback Machine saytida.
  24. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. „Sir Andrew J. Wiles receives the Abel Prize“. Press-reliz. 22-avgust 2016-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 9-avgust 2016-yil.
  25. „The Abel Prize Laureate 2016“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 12-avgust 2017-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 15-mart 2016-yil. Arxivlandi 2017-08-12 Wayback Machine saytida.
  26. „The Abel Prize Laureate 2017“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 26-may 2017-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 21-mart 2017-yil. Arxivlandi 2017-05-26 Wayback Machine saytida.
  27. http://www.nasonline.org, National Academy of Sciences - „Robert Langlands“. www.nasonline.org.
  28. „The Abel Prize Laureate 2018“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 23-mart 2018-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 20-mart 2018-yil. Arxivlandi 2018-03-23 Wayback Machine saytida.
  29. http://www.nasonline.org, National Academy of Sciences - „Karen Uhlenbeck“. www.nasonline.org.
  30. „Karen Uhlenbeck first woman to win the Abel Prize“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 24-may 2019-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 19-mart 2019-yil. Arxivlandi 2019-05-24 Wayback Machine saytida.
  31. Chang, Kenneth. „Karen Uhlenbeck Is First Woman to Receive Abel Prize in Mathematics - Dr. Uhlenbeck helped pioneer geometric analysis, developing techniques now commonly used by many mathematicians.“, The New York Times (19-mart 2019-yil). Qaraldi: 19-mart 2019-yil.
  32. „The Abel Prize Laureates 2020“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 18-mart 2020-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 18-mart 2020-yil. Arxivlandi 2020-03-18 Wayback Machine saytida.
  33. Castelvecchi, Davide (2021). "Abel Prize celebrates union of mathematics and computer science". Nature. doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00694-9. PMID 33731906. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-00694-9. Qaraldi: 12 October 2021. 
  34. „Prize winner 2022“. The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Qaraldi: 25-mart 2022-yil.