Shaxsiy maʼlumotlari
Taʼlim University of Oxford

Ser Tomas More (1478-yil 7-fevral – 1535-yil 6-iyul), katolik cherkovida Avliyo Tomas More nomi bilan hurmatga sazovor boʻlgan [1] [2] ingliz huquqshunosi, sudyasi, [3] ijtimoiy faylasuf, yozuvchi, davlat arbobi va Renaisance humanist (Uygʻonish davrining taniqli gumanisti) . U, shuningdek, Genrix VIII 1529 -yil oktabrdan 1532-yil maygacha Lord High Chancellor of England (Angliyaning lord Oliy kansleri lavozimini egallagan) [4] U 1516-yilda nashr etilgan [5]Utopia” asarini yozgan, unda xayoliy orol davlatining siyosiy tizimi tasvirlangan.

Martin Luther(Martin Lyuter) Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin va Uilyam Tyndalening ilohiyotiga qarshi polemikalarni yo'naltirib, protestant islohotiga ko'proq qarshi chiqdi. Bundan tashqari, Genrix VIII ning katolik cherkovidan ajralishiga qarshi bo'lib, Genrixni supreme head of the Church of England(Angliya cherkovining oliy rahbari) sifatida tan olishdan bosh tortdi va uning Aragonlik Catherine bilan nikohini bekor qildi. Oath of Supremacy(Hukmronlik qasamyodini) qabul qilishdan bosh tortgach, u xiyonatda ayblanib, qatl etildi. Qatl paytida u shunday degan edi: "Men shohning yaxshi xizmatkori va Xudoning birinchisi bo'lib o'laman".

Pope Pius XI1935-yilda shahid sifatida kanonizatsiya qildi. Pope John Paul II2000-yilda uni davlat va siyosat arboblarining patron saint (homiy avliyo) deb e'lon qildi. [6] [7] [8]

YoshligiTahrirlash

  1478-yil 7-fevralda London shahridagi Milk ko'chasida tug'ilgan Tomas More ser Jon Morening [9] muvaffaqiyatli advokat va keyinchalik sudya [3] va uning rafiqasi Agnesning (niyasi Graunjer) o'g'li edi. U olti farzandning ikkinchisi edi. More Sent-Entoni maktabida tahsil olgan, keyin Londonning eng yaxshi maktablaridan biri hisoblangan. [10] [11] 1490 yildan 1492 yilgacha More Kenterberi arxiyepiskopi va Angliya lord kansleri Jon Mortonga uy sahifasi sifatida xizmat qildi. [12] :xvi

  1. „St. Thomas More“. savior.org. Qaraldi: 29-iyun 2020-yil.
  2. Homily at the Canonization of St. Thomas More at The Center for Thomas More Studies at the University of Dallas, 2010, citing text "Recorded in The Tablet, June 1, 1935, pp. 694–695"
  3. 3,0 3,1 Glenn, Garrard (1 January 1941). "St. Thomas More As Judge and lawyer". Fordham Law Review 10 (2): 187. https://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/flr/vol10/iss2/2/.  Manba xatosi: Invalid <ref> tag; name ":0" defined multiple times with different content
  4. Linder, Douglas O. The Trial of Sir Thomas More: A Chronology at University Of Missouri-Kansas City (UMKC) School Of Law
  5. Jubilee of parliament and government members, proclamation of Saint Thomas More as patron of statesmen vatican.va
  6. Apostolic letter issued motu proprio proclaiming Saint Thomas More Patron of Statesmen and Politicians, 31 October 2000 Vatican.va
  7. „Holy Days“. Worship – The Calendar. Church of England (2011). 29-iyun 2012-yilda asl nusxadan arxivlandi. Qaraldi: 20-aprel 2011-yil.
  8. King, Margaret L.Renaissance Humanism: An Anthology of Sources. Hackett Publishing, 2014. — 157 bet. ISBN 978-1-62466-146-4. 
  9. Jokinen, A. (13 June 2009).
  10. „Sir Thomas More“. The Biography Channel website (2014). Qaraldi: 30-yanvar 2014-yil.
  11. „Thomas More: Always a Londoner“. tudortimes.co.uk (24-sentabr 2016-yil). Qaraldi: 1-may 2019-yil.
  12. „Introduction“,Utopia, Classics Rebhorn: . New York: Barnes & Noble, 2005..